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Medical Terminology

Chpt 2: Prefixes and Suffixes

TermDefinition
a- without
ab-, abs- away from
ad- toward
ambi- both
an- without
ana- toward
ante- before
anti- against
apo- separate
aut (o)- self
bi- double
brachy- short
brady- slow
cata- down
circum- around
co-, col-, com-, con-, cor- together
contra- against
de- away from
di-, dif-, dir-, dis- separated, not
dia- through
dys- abnormal
ect (o)- outside
end (o)- within
epi- over
eu- well, good, normal
ex- out of, away from
exo- external
extra- without, outside of
hemi- half
hyper- above normal
hypo- below normal
infra- positioned beneath
inter- between
intra- within
iso- equal
mal- bad; inadequate
meg (a)-, megal (o)- large
mes (o)- middle
meta- after
micr (o)- small, microscopic
mon (o)- single
multi- many
olig (o)- few; little; scanty
pan-, pant (o)- all
par (a)- beside; abnormal; involving two parts
per- through, intensely
peri- around, near
pluri- several
poly- many
post- after
pre- before
pro- before
quadra-, quadri- four
re- again, backward
retro- behind, backward
semi- half
sub- less than, under, inferior
super- more than, above, superior
supra- above
syl-, sym-, syn-, sis- together
tachy- fast
trans- across, through
ultra- beyond, excessive
un- not
uni- one
-ad toward
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness
-blast immature, forming
-cele hernia
-cidal, -cide destroying, killing
-clasis breaking
-clast breaking instrument
-crine secreting
-crit separate
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells
-derma skin
-desis binding
-dynia pain
-ectasia expansion, dilation
-ectasis expanding, dilating
-ectomy removal of
-edema swelling
-ema condition
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood
-emic relating to blood
-esthesia sensation
-from in the shape of
-gen producing
-genesis production of
-genic producing
-globin protein
-globulin protein
-gram a recording
-graph recording instrument
-graphy process of recording
-iasis pathological condition
-ic pertaining to
-ics treatment, practice, body of knowledge
-ism condition, disease, doctrine
-itis inflammation
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
-lepsy condition of
-leptic having seizures
-logist one who practices
-logy study, practice
-lysis destruction of
-malacia softening
-mania obsession
-megaly enlargement
-meter measuring device
-metry measurement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor, neoplasm
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-ostomy opening
-oxia oxygen
-para bearing
-paresis slight paralysis
-parous bearing; producing
-pathy disease
-penia difficiency
-pepsia digestion
-pexy fixation, usually done surgically
-phage, -phagia, -phagy eating, devouring
-phasia speaking
-pheresis removal
-phil attraction; affinity for
-phobia fear
-phonia sound
-phoresis carrying
-phoria feeling
-phrenia of the mind
-phthisis wasting away
-phylaxis protection
-physis growing
-plakia plaque
-plasia formation
-plasm formation
-plastic forming
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breath
-poiesis formation
-poietic forming
-poietin one that forms
-porosis lessening in density
-ptosis falling down; drooping
-rrhage discharging heavily
-rrhagia heavy discharge
-rrhaphy surgical suturing
-rrhea a flowing
-rrhexis rupture
-schisis splitting
-scope instrument for observing or measuring
-scopy use of an instrument for observing
-somnia sleep
-spasm contraction
-stalsis contraction
-stat agent to maintain a state
-static maintaining a state
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy opening
-tome cutting instrument
-tomy cutting operation
-trophic nutritional
-trophy nutrition
-tropia turning
-tropic turning toward
-tropy condition of turning toward
-uria urine
-version turning
Created by: sea2sound