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Pharmacology Review

synergism a combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater then the sum of the individual effects of each drug given alone
inhalation administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through the nose or mouth
stimulant agent that excites and promotes activity
antihypertensive agent that lowers blood pressure
hypnotic agent that produces sleep
iatrogenic an effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug
side effect an effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
parenteral by injection or intravenous administration
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms
systemic circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body
brand name commercial name for a drug; trade name
tolerance drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve the desired effect
antihistamine drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in the body and relieves allergy symptoms
anticonvulsant drug that prevents convulsions
emetic drug that promotes vomitting
antidiarrheal drug used to prevent diarrhea
anti arrhythmic drug which helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle
antacid drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach
anesthetic drug which reduces or eliminates sensation
analgesic drug which relieves pain
topical drugs applied on the skin or mucous membranes
controlled drugs drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused
oral drugs given by mouth
sublinual drugs given under the tongue
rectal drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum
contraindications factors in a patients condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment
narcotic habit-forming drug that relieves pain
toxicity harmful effects of a drug
anaphylaxis hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism
syringe instrument for introducing fluids to or withdrawing fluids from the body
sedative mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes, without necessarily producing sleep
transport movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
fixed oils oils, extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate
volatile oils oils, extracted from plants, that evaporate
aerosols particles of medication suspended in air
ophthalmic relating to the eye
vitamin substances found in foods which are essential for life
receptor target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
cumulative action the concentration of a drug may increase with each dose, due to the half-life of previous doses
absorption the process by which a medication is taken into the body, broken down, and transformed into a form that the body can use
distribution the process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body
metabolism the process of breaking down a drug or other substance into metabolites used by the body
half-life the time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested
additive action the total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each
otic via the ear
1/12 1 month supply
1/52 1 week supply
ac, a.c. before meals
ASAP as soon as possible
bid, b.i.d. twice daily
Cap capsule
CPS Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties
gtt, gtt(s) drop (s)
i, ii 1, 2
MG milligram
mL, ml millilitre
npo, n.p.o. nothing by mouth
ODB Ontario Drug Benefit
OTC over the counter
ou both eyes
p.c., pc after meals
p.o by mouth or orally
prn as needed/required
q.a.m every morning
QD, qd every day
q.o.d. every other day
q.p.m every night
q_h every # hour
q.h every hour
q.i.d, qid four times daily
Rx prescription
S.C, Sc, s.c, SQ, Subc, subq, subcutaneous
SL, sl sublingual ( under the tongue)
stat, STAT immediately
ss one half
tid, t.i.d three times daily
tab tablet
Tx treatment
ung ointment
x3days times three days
define drug chemical substance that affects the mind/body, used in diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease, illegal substances
difference between prescription repeats and prescription renewals repeats-a continuation of long-term medication renewals- extension of prescription that have run out
describe sustained release cause a delay in the active absorption of the medication
what can drugs be classified by function effects body system
name and describe the different effects of drugs therapeutic action- the purpose for giving the drug side effects/adverse effects- every drug has potential side effects allergies- a serious reaction to a drug
name and describe the classifications of drugs by scope of action local- when the drug affects the site of application only systemic- circulate in the bloodstream cumulative- accumulates faster than it can be metabolized
name and describe the classifications of drugs by use therapeutic- taken to relieve symptoms diagnostic- used to perform diagnostic tests curative drugs- given to overcome a disease, infection, or other conditions replacement drugs- taken to "replace" a hormone prophylactic-given to prevent a condition o
what are the four names that can be given to a single drug chemical generic trade botanical
what are the two methods of dispensing drugs prescription over-the-counter
what is enteric-coating allows pills to bypass the stomach
what is a pharmacist a health professional who is trained in preparing and dispensing drugs
what is pharacology the study/description of drugs, their composition, action and effects a biological science
what is a pharmacy a licensed business involved in dispensing drugs
what are drug errors more likely made when taken over the phone transcription
aa, a.a affected area
a.d. right ear
app apply
a.l, a.s, AS left ear
a.u both ears
B.M bowel movement
c with
c food
cc with food (cubic centimeter)
cf with food
cr, crm cream
Diss dissolve, ex aq in water
fl, fld fluid
g gram, give
h, hr hour
h.s, hs at bedtime
inj injection
instill instillation
IV intravenous
liq solution, liquid
lot. lotion
mitte send or give
noct night
o_2 both eyes
od once daily
o.d. right eye
o.s. left eye
p.a pain
R rectal
supp suppository
syr syrup
tbsp tablespoon
tsp teaspoon
top topical
tr, tinc, tinct tincture
u.d, ud, ut.dict as directed
uf until finished
vag vaginally
w/o without
Created by: tammyadams2009
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