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JOINTS, MUSCLES

Tissue, Joint movements, Bones, muscles of head, face, neck

QuestionAnswer
Frontal Bone 1 Forehead
Parietal Bone Top, 2 back of the head
Temporal Bones 2 at Temples
Occipital Bones Triangular - 1 Back of head
Sphenold 1 Behind the eye
Ethmoid 1 Behind the Nose
Orbicularis Oculi Surrounds the eye
Orbicularis Oris Surrounds the mouth
Nasalis Gives shape to the nose
Frontalis Forehead muscle
Masseter Chewing Muscles
Zygomaticus Major draws upper lip upwords [smile, Laugh]
Mentalis Chin Muscles
Depression Downward movement of the Scapula
Evelation Upward movement of the Scapula
ProtractionScapula moving aw Scapula moving AWAY from the spine
Retrection Scapula moving TWORDS the spine
Upward Rotation Glenold Fossa moving upward
Downward Rotation Glenold Fossa moving downwards
Flexion Bends at Joint [Reduces angle between 2joints]
Extension Straightens Joint [Increases the angle between 2 bones]
Hyper- Extension Extension that goes too far
Abduction Away from middle line
Adduction Twords the middle line
Pronation Palms, face or feet down-
Supnation Palms, face or feet UP
Rotation Bones truning on own axis
Cicumduction Moves in Circle [hips an sholders]
Inversion Soles of feet turned inward
Eversion Soles of feet turned Outward
Dorsiflexion Flexion of ankle, toes turned up
Plantar Flexion Extension of ankle, Toes turned down
Medial Rotation Turning tword middle
Lateral Rotation Turning away from middle
Long Bones Femur, Humerous are:
Short Bones Cubed- Carpals and Tarsals are:
Flat Bones Cranium, Illium, Sernum and ribs are:
Irregular bone Verebrae, Hyoid are:
Sesamoid bone Patella is what kind of bone?
Skeletal muscles Striated - can control movement
Smooth muscles Involuntary Movement - Cant control these [not striated]
Cardiac muscles Striated Heart muscles
Agonistic muscle Prime Mover
Antagonistic Muscle Opposite action performed of the Agonistic muscle
Synergistic Muscle Supports the Agonistic muscle while perfoming different action.
Fascia Glistening silver electrical tissue that surrounds muscle
Ligament Links bone to bone
Tendon Ties bone to muscles
Aponeurosis Broad flat Tendon
Bursa Pillow of fluid under tendon.
cartrilage Cushions bone
Joint Capsule Surrounds the Joint
Origin part attached to the body- least movable
Insertion most movable part of body
Created by: Sayhi2jeni