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Medical Terminology

Ch. 7 The Special Senses; the Eyes

TermDefinition
asthenopia eyestrain
blepharoptosis drooping of an eyelid
emmetropia normal condition of the eye;abbreviated Em
leukocoria condition of white in the pupil
ophthalmalgia pain associated with the eye
ophthalmorrhagia hemorrhage (bleeding) of the eye
astigmatism defective curvature of the refractive surface of the eye abbreviated Ast
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelid
cataract reduction of transparency of the lens
conjunctivitis inflammation of the conjunctiva; also called pinkeye
corneoiritis inflammation of the cornea and iris
dacryocystitis inflammation of the lacrimal sac
detached retina separation of the retina from the choroid at eh back of the eye
diplopia double vision
endophthalmitis inflammation of the internal tissues of the eye
glaucoma loss of vision resulting from increased intraovular pressure
hyperopia reduced vision of nearby objects; farsightedness
iridoplegia paralysis of the iris ( not responding to light)
iritis inflammation of the iris
keratitis inflammation of the cornea
myopia reduced vision of distant objects;nearsightedness
nyctalopia poorvision at night or in dim light
oculomycosis fungal infection of the eye
ophthalmopatch general term for a disease of the eye
ophthalmoplegia paralysis of the eye that affects the muscles moving the eyeball
photophobia fear of light
photoretinitis inflammation of the retina caused by extreme light intensity
presbyopia impaired vision due to aging
retinoblastoma a milignant tumor that originates from a developing retinal cell
retinopathy a general term for any disease of the retina
sclerokeratitis inflammation of the sclera and cornea
scleromalacia softening of the sclera
scotoma an abnormal blind spot in vision
strabismus crossed eyes
blepharoplasty surgical repair of an eyelid
iridectomy surgical excision of a protion of the iris
keratometry procedure using a keratometer which measures the curvature of the cornea
keratoplasty corneal transplant
LASIK laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis use of a laser to reshape corneal tissue
ophthalmic evaluation variety of procedures using specialized instruments to assist in the diagnosis of eye disorders
ophthalmologist physician who speacializes in the treatment of eyes
ophthalmology field of medicine that focuses on the study of disease related to the eyes
ophthalmoscopy use of a handheld instrument with a light (opthalmoscope) to view the interior of the eye
optician a technican trained in filling prescriptions for corrective lenses
optometry measurement of vision
vitrectomy surgical removal of the viteous humor
Created by: CelenaCamp