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Body Planes & Cavit.

Body Planes & Cavities

QuestionAnswer
What are the 3 body planes? Sagittal, frontal & transverse
Sagittal plane divides body left & right
Parasagittal Plane not on midline
Midsagittal (median) Plane lies on midline
Frontal (coronal) Plane divides body front & back
Transverse (horizontal) Plane divides body horizontally up & down
What are the body cavities? Dorsal & ventral
Ventral cavity contains: thoraic & abdominpelvic cavity
Verterbral cavity contains: spinal cord
Cranial cavity contains: brain
Thoraic cavity contains: heart & lungs
The thoraic cavity is surrounded by the: ribs & muscles of the chest
The walls of the ventral body cavity & the outer surfaces of the organs it contains are covered by a thin, double- layered membrane called: serosa or serous membrane
Abdominal cavity contains: liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas
Pelvic cavity contains: urinary bladder, reproductive organs & rectum
The ventral body cavity houses internal organs called: viscera
Oral cavity is the ____ mouth
Nasal cavity is the ____ nose
Orbital cavity is the____ eye
Dorsal body cavity includes: cranial and spinal cavity
Parietal serosa lines the wall of the cavity
The visceral serosae produces: a thin fluid that decrease friction during organ functioning
The serous membranes are separated by a thin layer of lubricating fluid that reduces friction called : serous fluid
Secrous fluid is ___ by both membranes secreted
Pleura covers the ___ lungs
Which serous membrane lines the wall of the thoraic cavity? parietal pleurae
The serous membrane of the pleural cavity has 2 layers. What are they called? visceral pleura and parietal pleura
Visceral serosa covers the organs of that cavity
Pericardial is the cavity that covers the ___ the heart
Peritoneum is the membrane in the ___ abdominal cavity
The mediostinum is a space between the lungs that covers which 4 structures? heart, trachea, thymus and espophagus
Created by: Mariahj25
 

 



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