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Chapter 32 Test

Chapter 32 Sections #1-5 Test

QuestionAnswer
What did Joseph Stalin sign with Hitler? Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin signed a ten-year nonaggression pact with Hitler.
What was the blitzkrieg and what does it mean? The German invasion of Poland was the first test of Germany’s newest mili tary strategy—the blitzkrieg or “lightning war.”
What was the Maginot Line and what two borders did it station to? They stationed their troops along the Maginot Line, a system of fortifications along France’s border with Germany.
Who was Charles de Gaulle and why was he so important? After France fell, Charles de Gaulle, a French general, set up a government-in-exile in London.
Who was Winston Churchill and why was he so important? Winston Churchill, the new British prime minister, had already declared that his nation would never give in.
What did RAF stand for and how many soldiers did it land and where did it land? His plan was first to knock out the Royal Air Force (RAF) and then to land more than 250,000 soldiers on England’s shores.
Why was the Atlantic Charter so important and what people were contributed to this action? Although the United States had not yet entered the war, Roosevelt and Churchill met secretly and issued a joint declaration called the Atlantic Charter.
Who was Isoroku Yamamoto and why was he so important? Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, Japan’s greatest naval strategist, also called for an attack on the U.S. fleet in Hawaii.
Why was December 7, 1941 such an important day? Early in the morning of December 7, 1941, American sailors at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii awoke to the roar of explosives.
Who was General Douglas MacArthur and why was he so important? General Douglas MacArthur, the commander of the Allied land forces in the Pacific, developed a plan to handle this problem.
Who created the island hop? MacArthur believed that storming each island would be a long, costly effort. Instead, he wanted to “island-hop” past Japanese strongholds.
When did the Battle of Guadalcanal end? In February 1943, after six months of fighting on land and at sea, the Battle of Guadalcanal finally ended.
Due to the fact of many soldiers loss what was the island now called? After losing more than 24,000 of a force of 36,000 soldiers, the Japanese abandoned what they came to call “the Island of Death.”
Who were the Aryans and why were they so important? They proclaimed that the Germanic peoples, or Aryans, were a “master race.”
What were the Nuremberg Laws and when were they passed? The Nuremberg Laws, passed in 1935, deprived Jews of their rights to German citizenship and forbade marriages between Jews and non-Jews.
When did Kristallnacht become known and what was it? It is for this reason that the night of November 9 became known as Kristallnacht or “Night of Broken Glass.”
Who were the ghettos and why were they so important? In those cities, the Nazis herded the Jews into dismal, overcrowded ghettos, or segregated Jewish areas.
What was the Final Solution and how was it made and what actions were taken? Hitler soon grew impatient waiting for Jews to die from starvation or disease. He decided to take more direct action. His plan was called the “Final Solution.”
What was a genocide? It was actually a program of genocide, the systematic killing of an entire people.
When did the Battle of Stalingrad begin? The Battle of Stalingrad began on August 23, 1942.
Who got more jobs and when did women get jobs and what kind of jobs did they get? By 1944, between 17 and 18 million U.S. workers—many of them women—had jobs in war industries.
What was the D-Day and what did it begin? The invasion began on June 6, 1944—known as D-Day.
How many Nazi leaders did the Nuremberg Trials charge? In the first of these Nuremberg Trials, 22 Nazi leaders were charged with waging a war of aggression.
What was demilitarization and why was it so important? Nevertheless, to ensure that peace would prevail, he began a process of demilitarization or disbanding the Japanese armed forces.
What was democratization and why was it so important? MacArthur then turned his attention to democratization, the process of creating a government elected by the people.
Created by: 19srizvi