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Miscellaneous

Med terms

TermDefinition
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestines
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
celiac disease allergy to gluten
cholelithiasis gallstones
gastroplasty surgical repair of stomach
herniorrhaphy suturing of a hernia
laparotomy incision into the abdomen
pyloroplasty surgical repair of pylorus
colonoscopy visual exam of colon
laparoscopy visual exam of the abdominal cavity
gasteroenterology stomach and intestine specialist
proctologist physician who studies and treats rectal disease
hematemesis vomiting of blood
GERD gastroesophageal refluex disease (heartburn)
N & V nausea and vomiting
U.G.I upper gastro intestinals
choledocholithiasis bile is not able to drain into the duodenum
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
pancreas exocrine gland - pancreatic juice and hormones
diverticula pouches that form in the intestinal wall
diverticulitis inflammation of diverticula
diverticulosis condition of having diverticula
colitis refers to any inflammatory condition of the large intestine
colonic polyps can cause colon cancer
peritoneum slippery sheet of serous membrane that lines the abdominal cavity
ascites fluid in the peritoneal space
catabolism breaks down nutrient molecules and releases energy in the process
renal cortex outermost layer of the kidney
medulla innermost portion of an organ
bi-, bin- two
cerebr/o cerebrum, brain
dipl/o two, double
encephal/o brain
neur/o nerve
-otomy incision
-paresis slight paralysis
-phobia abnormal fear of or aversion to specific things
-plegia paralysis
ton/o tension, pressure
electroencephalograph a machine used for electroencephalography - graphic representation of voltage changes in brain tissue used to be evaluate nerve tissue function
meningioma a tumor arising from meningeal tissue of the brain
neurectomy surgical removal of all or part of a nerve
neuropathy disease of one or more peripheral nerves
neuroplasty surgery of the nerves
photophobia abnormal fear or sensitivity to light
CNS central nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CT computed tomography
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalogram
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
PNS peripheral nervous system
PTSD post-traumatic stress disorder
TIA transient ischemic attack
astrocytes attaches to neurons and blood vessels, holding them together
microglia increase in activity and enlarge in inflamed brain tissue
oligodendrocytes help hold nerve fibers together
abcess localized collection of pus
arthrodesis surgical fixation of a joint; also called joint fusion
arthroplasty surgical repair or replacement of a joint
bursitis inflammation of a bursa
bursa small, cushion-like sacs between moving body parts, which make movement easier
cauterization destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument or electric current
costectomy excision of a rib
cranioplasty surgical repair of the skull
craniotomy incision of the skull
cryosurgery destruction of tissue by using extreme cold, often by using liquid nitrogen
debridement removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter from an open wound
dermabrasion procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material, such as sand paper
dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin
dermis inner layer of skin
electromyogram record of the electrical activity in a skeletal muscle
epidermis outer later of skin
fibromyalgia pain in the fibrous tissues and muscles
fissure slit of crack-like sore in the skin
laceration torn, ragged-edged wound
laminectomy excision of a lamina
leukoderma white skin (white patches caused by depigmentation)
myorrhaphy suture of a muscle
onychomycosis abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails
osteoarthritis inflammation of the bone and joint
osteochondritis inflammation of the bone and cartilage
osteomyelitis inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
patellectomy excision of the patella (knee cap)
patella knee cap
rosecea chronic disorder of the skint hat produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels, usually occurring on the central area of the face in people older than 30
scleroderma a disease characterized by chronic hardening of the connective tissue of the skin and other body organs
subcutaneous the introduction of a mediation that is applied directly to an external area of the body
suturing to0 stitch edges of a wound surgically
cervical vertebrae first set of seven bones, forming the neck
thoracic vertebrae second set of twelve bones, they articulate with the 12 pairs of ribs to form the outward curve of the spine
lumbar vertebrae third set of five larger bones, which form the inward curve of the spine at the base
tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
Created by: Mika42016