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Medical Orders

Module 9

who is responsible for drug quality and safety in Canada? (1) Health Canada (2) Health Protection Branch
the federal gov't regulates and implements drug standards, distribution and use through two acts, what are they? (1) the food and drug act (2) The Controlled Drug and Substances Act
what does the food and drug act govern? (1) the manufacture, importation and sale of all drugs in Canada (2) guide which province acts and regulations must adhere to
what is the purpose to the food and drug act? protect the public by prohibiting false advertising or labelling, unsanitary preparation or use of substandard material in the manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs
what are the two main categories of the food and drug act? (1) Schedule F - Part 1 (2) Schedule F - Part 2
schedule F - part 1 of the food and drug act controls what? prescription non-narcotic drugs (antibiotics, tranquillizers, hormons
schedule F - part 2 of the food and drug act controls what? (1) conditional prescription drugs
what does the controlled drug and substances act control? (1) narcotic substances - morphine, codeine (2) controlled and restricted substances - LSD, heroine
how does the controlled drug and substances act work? under Schedule G - prescription is in triplicate (Doctor, Pharmacy/Client, Control board)
what does NAPRA stand for? National Association of Pharmacy Regulatory Authorities
what is the purpose of NAPRA? to manage the drugs that no longer require physicians prescription ( there are 4 'schedules")
what are the 4 "schedules" or classification of drugs under NAPRA? (1) Schedule 1 - require a prescription (2) Scedule 2 - have restricted access but no prescription required like Tylenol 1, diabetic supplies (3) Schedule 3 - available without a prescription like vitamins, pepto, antacid (4) unscheduled - can be sold at any outlet like what you find at Mac's
there are three names for drugs, what are they? (1) trade or brand name (2) generic name (3) chemical name
What are some types of drug classifications? (1) Cardiovascular - vasodilator, antihypertensive (2) Kidneys - diuretics (3) blood - anticoagulants (4) GI - antacids, laxative (5) endocrine - oral contraceptive, antidiabetic (6) Repiratory tract - antihistamine, decongestant (7) CNS - sedative, antidepressant (8) chomotherapeutics - antineoplastic agent
what are the three methods of communication with pharmacy regarding a prescription? (1) client takes written prescription to pharmacy (2) the orders are entered on a computer and sent to the pharmacy (3) fax the orders to the pharmacy
what information is on pharmacy labels? (1) client name (2) name of the drug (3) the dosage (4) frequency of administration
what are the 8 rights used when giving any medication? (1) right drug (2) right dose (3) right client (4) right route (5) right time (6) right documentation (7) right reason (8) right effect
what are the components of a doctor's order? the order must be dated and signed by the ordering doctor
what must each pharmacy order contain? (1) name (2) dosage (3) route (4) frequency
how may drugs be administered? (1) oral (2) rectal or vaginal (3) parenteral (4) respiratory (5) topical
what are the different types of orders? (1) standing (2) self terminating (3) one time only (4) stat (5) prn (6) asap
Created by: KariTansowny