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ch 12 Clinical Skill

The Physical Exam

Basic instruments used in typical medical exam gloves; drapes; gowns; basin; specimen container; tongue depressor; cotton swabs
instrument used to examine the eyes ophthalmoscope
instrument used to examine the ears otoscope
instrument used to test reflexes percussion hammer
used to test for hearing loss tuning fork
used to check for microscopic blood in the stool fecal occult blood test
sitting on the end of the exam table sitting
lying flat on the back supine
lying flat on the stomach prone
lying flat on back with knees bent and feet flat on table dorsal recumbent
lying on side with bottom leg straight and top leg bent Sims
lying back with legs extended and head raised at a 45 degree angle semi fowlers
lying back with legs extended and head raised at a 90 degree angle high fowlers
lying on back with hips and buttocks at edge of table with feet in stirrups lithotomy
lying on stomach with knees bent and buttocks raised knee chest
lying with head lower than the heart and feet raised higher than the heart trendelenburg
position used to take vital signs sitting
position used to examine the abdomen supine
position used to examine the back prone
position used for vaginal exam or Foley insertion dorsal recumbent
position used for rectal exams or procedures Sims
position of comfort for patients with respiratory distress or back pain semi-fowlers or high fowlers
position to do a pelvic exam on a female lithotomy
position for proctologic procedures knee chest
position for patient who is faint or hypotensive trendelenburg
visual exam technique inspection
exam by listening auscultation
exam by touching palpation
exam by tapping fingers on the body and listening to the sound transmitted percussion
exam by measuring mensuration
exam by passive movement to a joint manipulation
general survey inspection
vital signs auscultation;palpation;mensuration
skin inspection; palpation
anterior and posterior chest and lungs inspection;palpation;percussion;auscultation
breasts inspection; palpation
cardiovascular system auscultation; inspection; palpation
abdomen inspection; palpation; auscultation; percussion
gyn exam for women inspection; palpation
prostate and rectal exam for men inspection; palpation; digital
Created by: clarevoyant1019
Popular Clinical Skills sets




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