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8th Grade Review

Broad review of 8th grade curriculum 2016-mixed for matching

TermDefinition
A--What made NC an attractive destination for new immigrants during the mid 1700's? _________Good land was readily available.
B--Highland Scots settled in what region of NC? ________the Cumberland region or the Upper Cape Fear region
C--What prompted Scots-Irish and Pennsylvania Dutch settlers to leave Pennsylvania and move to NC and other southern colonies? _______They were Protestants who faced religious persecution by Catholic rulers in German states along the Rhine River
D--What route did these settlers from Pennsylvania take to NC. _______The Great Wagon Road
E--What effects prompted the Pennsylvania Dutch to leave Germany and immigrate to North America? _________Pennsylvania, from the coast to the Appalachians, was relatively heavily populated and cheap land was no longer available.
F--What was the largest group of Pennsylvania Dutch to immigrate to NC in the 18th Century? ________the Moravians
What societal trait distinguished the Moravians from other North Carolinians? G-- ________They were pacifists.
ROAD TO REVOLUTION ROAD TO REVOLUTION
A--This drew an imaginary line down the Appalachians with no colonial settlement west of the line _______Proclamation of 1763
B--required colonists to pay a direct tax on all paper used. Colonists had to use special paper from London for all paper products _______Stamp Act
C--Taxed the import of paint, lead, glass, paper and tea. Set up British courts in the colonies to enforce laws. the Townshend Acts
D--Response to Boston Tea Party. Closed Boston to all trade except food, fuel and provisions for British troops. Dissolved the colonial assembly of Massachusetts. _______Intolerable Acts
E--Five rioting Boston citizens shot by British troops _______Boston Massacre
F--American colonists refuse to buy British products until the Stamp Act is repealed. _______Stamp Act Boycott
G--Working class organization formed to protest the Stamp Act _______Sons of Liberty
H--King of England before and during the American Revolution _______George II
I--Economic theory that says a nation gets wealthy when more money flows into the country through exports than flows out through imports _______Mercantilism
J--Action by the Sons of Liberty to stop the sale of cheap British Tea in Boston. Tons of tea were dumped into the harbor. _______Boston Tea Party
K--First direct military confrontation between British troops and American militia. _______Battles of Lexington and Concord
L--What was the US's first government called _______Articles of Confederation
M--The Articles of Confederation government was intentionally made weak because of the fear of __________ _______a strong central government that becomes a tyranny
N--Under the Articles of Confederation the government had no power to ____ _______tax
O--Under the Articles of Confederation the government lacked a ___________ and thus lacked the power to make decisions quickly _______a President or Chief Executive
P--One important action that the Articles of Confederation government did take was the _______Northwest Ordinance
Q--The main function of the Northwest Ordinance was to set a procedure to ______________. _______Admit new state
ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR ROAD TO THE CIVIL WAR
A--The question about slavery that actually led to the Civil War was _______the extension of slavery into new western lands
B--The issue of the spread of slavery into the Louisiana Purchase territories was temporarily settled by _______the Missouri Compromise
C--The Compromise of 1850 was made necessary because of the addition of what land to the US? _______The Mexican Cession
D--What part of the Compromise of 1850 was hated in the north the new Fugitive Slave Law
E--Popular Sovereignty was to decide what questions? _______the question of whether to allow slavery in Utah, New Mexico, and Kansas
F--What new technology led to the growth of slavery in the South? _______the cotton gin
G--What part of the Kansas-Nebraska Act caused the conflict called Bleeding Kansas? _______popular sovereignty in the Kansas territory
H--What North Carolina born President purposely provoked a war with Mexico in order to take California and other Mexican territory _______James K Polk
I--This book strengthened the abolitionist movement in the north _______Uncle Tom's Cabin
J--This man led a raid into Virginia in order to start a slave revolt _______John Brown
K--What event in 1860 triggered the secession of Southern states _______The election of Abraham Lincoln
L--People who wanted to end slavery immediately were called _______abolitionists
M--The first southern state to secede from the Union was _______South Carolina
The southern states that seceded formed what they considered a new nation called _______The Confederate States of America
The event that caused NC to secede was _______Lincoln's call for troops to forcibly end the rebellion of the Southern States.
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION _______INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
During the Industrial Revolution, human and animal power were replaced by _______Water and steam power
Steam power was put to use in transportation by _______steam locomotives and steam ships
During the Second Industrial Revolution (1870-1914) power for industry changed from mostly steam to _______Hydroelectric power
What invention made work and leisure independent of the natural light-dark daily cycle? _______electric lights
Huge increases in volume and large drops in the costs of goods produced by industry during the Second Industrial Revolution were the result of _______mass production
The practice of having each worker specialize in only one small part of a larger job is called _______division of labor
The increased speed of production from the use of assembly lines was only made possible because parts were _______interchangeable
Urbanization led to the creation of crowded, unsanitary, unhealthy living areas called _______slums
Good jobs in industry for managers, clerks and other business professionals led to the creation of the _______ the middle class
The working conditions during Industrial Revolution were unhealthy and dangerous because of the greed of bosses and the lack of _______government regulations
When workers join together and form a group to negotiate with their bosses they have formed a _______labor union
WORLD WAR I WORLD WAR I
The event that actually triggered the beginning of WWI was _______the assassination of the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand
This cause of WWI meant that the beginning of even a small war in Europe would soon involve all of the most powerful countries. _______Alliance system
Competition between European nations for overseas colonies shows what cause of WWI? _______Imperialism
Once the initial attacks of both sides failed, this type of war in France began where neither side could break through the enemy lines. _______trench warfare
The German blockade of England was carried out by this type of warfare. _______Unrestricted submarine warfare
The Germans attacked the French town of Verdun in an attempt to "bleed the French white" in a battle of _______attrition
Unrestricted submarine warfare and the sinking of this ship were important reasons that the US entered WWI on the side of the Allies. _______the Lusitania
The German attempt to get Mexico to attack the US to keep America out of the war was revealed in the _______Zimmerman Telegram
After entering the war, the US government attempted to control the attitudes of the American people by the use of _______propaganda
In 1917, military defeats, huge casualties, and food shortages led to the overthrow of the Tsar and to the _______Russian Revolution
World War I was won by _______the Allies
The agreement that officially ended the war was _______the Treaty of Versailles
At the end of WWI, the monarchy in Russia was replaced by what kind of government? _______Communist
in contrast with earlier European wars, WWI was the first ________________ which required the entire nation to be directed to the goal of winning the war. _______Total War
After WWI the US Congress voted not to join the League of Nations because they followed this policy to avoid involvement in European conflicts. _______Isolationism
During WWI, many good jobs in the US had been filled by _______women or African-American Men
Fears in the US about revolutionaries and radicals became known as the _______Red Scare
FIGHTING THE CIVIL WAR FIGHTING THE CIVIL WAR
The northern strategy to win the war was called the _______Anaconda Plan
The Monitor vs. the Merrimack was the first _______battle between ironclad ships.
The year that the Civil War began was _______1861
The year that the Civil War ended was _______1865
The act of southern states leaving the Union to form their own country is called _______secession
The Battle of Antietam led Lincoln to _______publish the Emancipation Proclamation
The first state to secede from the Union in December 1860 _______South Carolina
What important goal was added to the Union cause by the Emancipation Proclamation _______fighting the war to end slavery
Union control of the Mississippi would accomplish what important Union war goal? _______cutting the Confederacy in half
Lee's second invasion of the North ended in the battle of _______Gettysburg
The Army of the Potomac was finally able to defeat the Army of Northern Virginia when this general was put into command _______US Grant
After taking Atlanta, Sherman's army began its _______March to the Sea
Sherman's army behaved better in North Carolina because that state _______had a reputation for being reasonable and reluctant to secede.
On April 14, 1865, President Lincoln was assassinated by this Confederate sympathizer. _______John Wilkes Booth
RECONSTRUCTION RECONSTRUCTION
What was the name Lincoln's plan was known by? _______the 10% Plan
How were white southerners able to restrict the Freedmen from voting without violating the 14th amendment _______They used the poll taxes and literacy tests. Grandfather Clause was used to allow white people to vote without those obstacles.
What event led to the formal end of reconstruction? _______The election of 1876 was a tie between Hayes and Tilden. This led to the Compromise of 1877 where Hayes became president and, in return, military occupation of the south ended.
Created by: football09
 

 



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