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Thematic Maps Mancy

Thematic Maps

TermDefinition
lake a large body of water surrounded by land
sea a body of salt water not as large as an ocean and nearly surrounded by land
ocean the vast body of salt water that covers nearly 3/4 of the earth's surface
bay an inlet of the sea
river a large natural stream of flowing water
inlet a small arm of a sea or lake
strait a narrow waterway that connects two bodies of water
delta a nearly flat plain made of the deposited material at the end of a river
archipelago a group of islands
island a piece of land surrounded by water
peninsula a piece of land surrounded on three sides by water
desert arid (dry) land with little vegetation
valley a low area of land between hills or mountains
fjord a long, narrow, deep inlet of sea between two cliffs
canyon a deep, steep valley carved by a river
plateau an area of high, level ground
basin a region drained by a river
mountain a large, steep hill usually higher than 2000 feet
volcano a mountain or hill with a vent through which lava or gas erupts
glacier a slowly moving mass of ice
physical map a map that shows the location of landforms and bodies of water
ice cap climate zone very cold all year with permanent ice and snow
tundra climate zone very cold winters, cold summers, and little rain or snow
subarctic climate cold, snowy winters and cool, rainy summers
marine west coast climate warm summers, cool winters, and rainfall all year
humid continental climate warm, rainy summers and cool, snowy winters
humid subtropical climate hot, rainy summers and mild winters with some rain
Mediterranean climate warm all year with dry summers and short, rainy winters
arid climate hot and dry all year with very little rain
semiarid climate hot, dry summers and cool, dry winters
tropical wet and dry climate hot all year with rainy and dry seasons
tropical wet climate hot and rainy all year
highlands climate temperature and precipitation vary with elevation
ice cap vegetation permanent ice and snow, no plant life
tundra vegetation treeless plain with grasses, mosses, and scrubs adapted to a cold climate
desert vegetation arid region with few plants
desert scrub vegetation small trees, bushes, and other plants adapted to a dry climate
temperate grassland vegetation short and tall grasses adapted to cool climates
tropical grassland vegetation grasses and scattered trees adapted to a tropical wet and dry climate
chaparral vegetation small trees and bushes adapted to a Mediterranean climate
deciduous forest vegetation trees with broad, flat leaves that are shed before winter
mixed forest vegetation a mix of coniferous and deciduous trees
coniferous forest vegetation evergreen trees with needles and cones
broadleaf evergreen forest vegetation tall trees with large leaves that remain green all year
highlands vegetation vegetation varies with elevation
hunting and gathering people hunt animals and gather plants for food
subsistence farming small farmers grow crops to feed their own families
commercial farming farmers raise crops or livestock to sell
nomadic herding people move around to find food and water for their herds and use the animals' milk and other products
forestry using trees to make homes, furniture, and paper
trade and manufacturing buying and selling goods; turning natural resources into things to sell
livestock raising raising cattle, sheep, or goats on huge ranches
commercial fishing catching fish in oceans, lakes, and rivers
Created by: collinsmancy