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Chapter 10 Vocabular

ANNEX to take territory and join it to a state or country
cattle drive a long journey on which cowboys guided cattle to market
drought a long period without rain
dry farming a method of farming that conserves moisture in soil during dry weather
gold rush the quick movement of people to a place where gold has been discovered
Homestead Act a law passed in 1862 in which the U.S. federal government promised settlers 160 acres of land for a fee of $18, as long as they built a home on the land within six months and lived there for at least five years
homesteader a person who migrated to the West to take advantage of the Homestead Act; a settler or pioneer
irrigation a method of moving water from a source to where it is needed, such as for watering crops
isthmus a narrow strip of land connecting two landmasses
Manifest Destiny the belief that the United States had a right to add territory until it reached the Pacific Ocean
Monroe Doctrine a policy made by President James Monroe warning European nations to stay out of the Americans
pioneer a person who settles a new place before others
raw material a natural product used in manufacturing, such as wood
reservation an area of land granted, often by force, to an American Indian tribe, usually in exchange for their own homeland
sodbuster the nickname given to a person who settled on the Great Plains and had to reak up the thickly rooted grass, or sod, to build a home and plant crops
teepee a type of portable home used by American Indians of the Great Plains made of wood poles covered with bark and animal skins
transcontinental railroad a railroad that stretches across a continent
yellow journalism false or exaggerated reporting by the news media, especially newspapers of the late 1800s
Created by: user-1544474
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