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Haney Medterm c22-14

QuestionAnswer
Why must health care professionals know the basics of pharmacology? To understand the interactions of drugs within the body.
Pharmacology is? The field of medicine that specializes in the study of drugs.
What must pharmacists know about the drugs they administer? Their sources, appearance, chemistry, actions, and uses.
What is a drug? Any substance that, when taken into the body, may modify one or more of its functions.
Pharmacodynamics is? The study of how drugs interact in the human body.
A pharmacist is? One who is licensed to prepare and dispense drugs.
Chemotherapy is? The study of drugs that have a specific and deadly effect on disease-causing microorganisms.
What are chemotherapy drugs used for? The treatment of certain infectious diseases and cancer.
Toxicology is? The study of poisons, their detection, their effects, establishing antidotes, and methods of treatment for conditions they produce
Antidotes are? Substances that oppose the action of poisons
What is the FDCA? The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
When was the FDCA passed? 1938
What does the FDCA regulate? The quality, purity, potency, effectiveness, safety, labeling, and packaging of food, drug, and cosmetic products.
What government agency is responsible for administering and enforcing the FDCA within the US? The Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
What law is concerned with the manufacturing, & dispensing of controlled substances, those drugs that have the potential of being abused & of causing physical or psychological dependence, administering, & enforcing the Controlled Substances Act is? Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)
Physicians who administer ___________ _________ must enter their DEA number on the prescriptions. controlled substances.
Drugs that fall under the Controlled Substances Act are know as controlled substances or _________ _______. schedule drugs
These drugs are identified by a classification system that categorizes them by their ________ _____ ________. potential for abuse.
The classification system for the potential of abuse of drugs has how many categories? 5
Schedule I drugs are not considered to be __________ for medical use in the United States. legitimate
Schedule I drugs are used for what? Research only.
Schedule II drugs have a risk what? They have a high potential for abuse or addiction.
What are some examples of Schedule II drugs? Morphine, cocaine, and codeine.
Why were standards established for the drug prescriptions? To control strength, quality, and purity of medications prepared by various manufacturers.
What is the Hospital Formulary? A reference listing of all the drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
Created by: b_diamond