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Final Review

HaneyGenPath REV-19

QuestionAnswer
Illness Condition of a person who is experiencing a disease
Disease known by medical classification and distinguishing features
Predisposing factors include age, sex, heredity, and environment
Gout occurs more in Men
Osteoporosis occurs more in Women
The result of a person's genetic makeup hereditary disease
Both dominant or recessive in expression of a trait Homozygous
When one gene is dominant and the other is recessive Heterozygous
All the genes that you inherit from your parents genotype
Changes in structures of genes Mutations
What do Cystic Fibrosis, Tay-Sachs, and phenylketonuria have in common? They are autosomal recessive diseases.
What do diabetes insipidus and retinoblastoma have in common? They are autosomal dominant.
How are hemophilia and Duchenne's muscular dystrophy alike? They are X-linked traits
What is Trisomy 21? Down Syndrome
What determines how well the body responds to inflammation? Their general health, tissue factors, and the type of physical irritant.
At the site of injury, there will be an elevated number of what? Polymorphonuclear leukocytes
Yeasts and molds are types of Fungi.
This group of bacterialike organisms live parasitically inside living cells Rickettsae
Single-celled organisms with animal like characteristics Protozoa
Single celled organisms of many varieties like bacilli, spirilla, and cocci. Bacteria
Host requiring organisms that are external or internal Parasites
The leading cause of death in America for people under 35 is Trauma
First degree burn causes Reddened skin
Second degree burns cause Blistering
Third degree burns cause charring
What is the common cold? An acute upper rti
Aids stands for Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Measles are accompanied by Koplik's spots
Rubella is also known as German Measles
Rubella runs its course in about 3 days
Varicella's incubation period is roughly 2 to 3 weeks
Mumps takes __ days to incubate, and can cause 18, epidydimo-orchitis
Diptheria is caused by Cornebacterium diptheriae
Pertussis lasts _ to __ days 7, 10
What are the treatments for neoplasms? Radiation, Chemotherapy, Immunotherapy, and Hormonal therapy.
What is congenital? contracted at birth
Bilateral, symetrical, nonprogressive paralysis due to mental defects. Cerebral palsy
Name three neural tube defects: Spina bifida, Meningocele, Myelomeningocele
Condition marked by too much csf in the ventricles of the brain Hydrocephalus
Congenital Aganglionic Megacolon Hirschsprung's Disease
congenital defect where there is an opening between right and left aorta Ventricular septal defect
Abnormal opening between the right and left atria Atrial septal defect
Narrowing of lumen Coarctation of the aorta
failure of the ductus arteriosus from birth Patent ductus arteriosis
Talipes valgus eversion of feet
Talipes varus inversion of feet
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis due to infection Pyelonephritis
Allergic reaction causes inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidney's nephrons Glomerulonephritis
Malignant neoplasm of the epithelium of the proximal convoluted tubule Hypernephroma or adenocarcinoma of the kidney.
The most prevalent venereal disease in the US Gonorrhea
Most cases of genital herpes are from type 2
Genital warts are caused by Human papillomavirus
Treponema padillum causes Syphilis
the 2 types of stomatitis are Acute herpetic and aphthous
What is the most common stomach ailment? Gastritis
Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and the entrance to the small intestine
Gastroenteritis is also known as travelers diarrhea, intestinal flu, and food poisoning
Gastric ulcers represent a breakdown of the balance between acid secretion and mucosal defense in the stomach
Protrusion of some portion of the stomach into the thoracic cavity Hiatal hernia
4 types of hernia are umbilical, inguinal, strangulated, and diaphragmic
malabsorption, gluten intolerance, and damage to the mucosal lining of the stomach Celiac sprue
Chronic inflammation, usually of the ileum Crohn's disease
Chronic inflammation and ulceration of the colon Ulcerative colitis
inflammation of small pouchlike herniations in the intestinal wall Diverticulitis
Dilated, tortuous veins of the anus or rectum Hemorrhoids
Colorectal cancer is almost always Adenocarcinoma
External respiration is exchange of gases between the air and the lungs.
Internal respiration is exchange of cases at the molecular level in the organs of the body
This is the most common throat disorder Pharyngitis
Inflammation of the vocal cords Laryngitis
Mononucleosis is An acute upper rti, accompanied by sore throat and swollen lymph glands
Acute inflammation of the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts and sacs, and alveoli. Pneumonia
Collection of air in the pleural cavity pneumothorax
Inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleural membranes around the lungs Pleurisy
excessive fluid between the parietal and visceral membranes of the lungs Pleural effusion
slowly developing bacterial lung infection characterized by necrosis of lung tissue Pulmonary tuberculosis
Inhalation of quartz Silicosis
Results from exposure to asbestos fibers asbestosis
Beryllium poisoning, usually of the lungs Berylliosis
Black lung, or miner's athsma; due to accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs Anthracosis
Fungal infections of the respiratory tract are Respiratory mycoses
Mycoses can be classified as Superficial or deep
Ohio Valley Disease is caused by Histoplasma capsulatum
accumulation of fluid in the pulmonary tissues and airspaces Pulmonary edema
Hypertrophy and failure of the right ventricle of the heart Cor pulmonale
mass of undissolved matter in the pulmonary artery or one of its branches Pulmonary embolism
Excessive acidity of body fluids in result of inadequate removal of CO2 by the lungs Respiratory acidosis
Excessive alkalinity of body fluids due to the excessive removal of CO2 by the lungs Respiratory alkalosis
collapsed or airless condition of a lung that causes hypoxia Atelectasis
Abnormal dilation of small and medium sized bronchi Bronchiectasis
What causes acute epiglottitis? Haemophilus influenzae type B
Rheumatic fever affects the heart, joints, cns, skin, and other body tissues
inflammation of the saclike membrane that protects the heart muscle Pericarditis
Sudden, involuntary jerking movements accompanied by generalized muscle weakness Chorea
Inflammation of the cardiac muscle Myocarditis
Inflammation of the membrane lining of the heart, forming growths called vegetations Endocarditis
Blood from the left ventricle flows back from the left atrium Mitral insufficiency/stenosis
Blood flows back into the right atrium from the right ventricle Tricuspid insufficiency/stenosis
Blood flows back into the right ventricle, causing right ventricular hypertrophy and eventual failure Pulmonic insufficiency/stenosis
Blood flows back into the left ventricle, causing left ventricular hypertrophy and eventual failure Aortic insufficiency/stenosis
Created by: Barfield09