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A disease in which there is a destructive mineralization of the bone-forming tissue? Osteomalacia
What kind of fracture is one in which the bone is broken or splintered into pieces, often with fragments embedded in surrounding tissue? Comminuted
What is usually caused by spinal trauma from a fall, straining, or heavy lifting? Herniated Intervertebral disk
What disease is also known as Osteitis Deformans? Paget’s Disease
A chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease affecting the synovial membranes of multiple joints? Rheumatoid Arthritis
What is the classic manifestation of gout? The sudden onset of excruciating joint pain, usually affecting the joints of the big toes
A chronic inflammatory process of the joints and bones resulting in degeneration of joint cartilage and subsequent hypertrophy of the surrounding bone? Osteoarthritis
Common symptoms of this include acute pain at the affected site, muscle spasm, and perhaps hemorrhage and shock? Fractures
This disease affects 5 to 10 million Americans and especially affects women who are 50 years of age or older, postmenopausal, small-boned, or who come from a Northern European, especially Scandinavian, background? Osteoporosis
This disease is most often caused by trauma that result in hematoma formation and an acute bacterial infection, particularly by Staphylococcus aureus, although other viruses and fungi also may cause the condition somewhere else in the body? Osteomyelitis
What are the most common used procedures to detect deformities of the spine: lordosis, kyphosis, scoliosis? X-rays and Physical examination
A break in the bone with no external wound to the skin? Closed fracture
The cause of this condition may be metabolic, renal, or both? Gout
An abnormal sideward curvature of the spine either to the left or right? Scoliosis
In the initial phase of this disease, it is marked by a high rate of bone turnover? Paget’s Disease
An abnormal inward curvature of a portion of the spine, commonly called swayback? Lordosis
What are the primary objectives of treatment for Rheumatoid arthritis? To reduce inflammation and pain, preserve joint function and prevent joint deformity
What disease is caused by insufficient bodily stores of ineffective utilization of vitamin D? Oseomalacia
RA is the abbreviation for what? Rheumatoid Arthritis
What is a herniated intervertebral disk usually called? A slipped disk
An abnormal outward curvature of the spine, commonly known as humpback or round back? Kyphosis
A break or crack in a bone? Fracture
What disease has the prevention of a calcium-rich diet? Osteoporosis
What is an intervertebral disk and how many are found between each of the 33 vertebrae? A saclike mass of cartilage; one
What problem may involve the treatment of bed rest, immobilization of affected part, local applications of heart or cold, and analgesics? Gout
What grade of a neoplasm is when tumor cells are well differentiated, closely resembling normal parent tissue? grade 1
An acute infammation of the respiratory bronchiles, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, and alveoli of the lung? Pneumonia
A fracture in which the bone is broken with one end forced into the interior of the other? Impacted fracture
A treatment that is used in combination with radiation and chemotherapy? Biotherapy
Designating a disease having rapid onset, severe symptoms, and a short course? acute
infective tubulointerstitial nephritis is also known as what? pyelonephritis
A chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism resulting from insufficeient production of insulin or from inadequate utilization of this hormone by the body's cells? diabetes mellitus
characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst, which are the result of insufficient secretion of vasopressin by the posterior portion of the pituitary gland? diabetes insipidus
the conventional mathod of classifying hereditary diseases is to group them into what? monogenic or mendelian alterations, chromosomal alterations, and multifactorial errors
congenital disorder of the exocrine glands characterized by the production of copious amounts of abnormally think mucus, expecially in the lungs and pancreas? cystic fibrosis
a bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency of specific types of serum proteins called clotting factors hemophilia
environmental hazards may have an effect on what? health
allergic inflammation of the glomeruli in the kidneys nephrons glomerulonephritis
dome-shaped or flat-topped elevated lesion slightly reddened and often changing in size and shape, usually accompanied by intense itching wheal
a disease that is formerly called presenile dementia alzheimer's disease
grows slowly, remains localized, expands benign
grows rapidly, cells are not well differentiated malignant
enclosure in a layer of tissue not normal to the part encapsulation
undescended testes is also known as what? cryptorchidism
a recurrent, frequently incapacitating type of headache characterized by intense, throbbing pain often accompanied by nausea and vomitting migraine headache
a suspension of infectious agents or some part of them vaccine
an allergic reaction of the body to a foreign or other substance anaphylaxis
inability to control the passage of urine, semen, or feces due to one or more physiological or psychological conditions incontinence
AIDS is the abbreviation for what? acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
human immunodeficiency virus stands for what? HIV
hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex of the adrenal glands, resulting in the excess production of cortisol cushing's syndrome
a condition where body weight is 10 to 20 percent above the ideal obesity
malignant tumor of a gland adenocarcinoma
inflammation of the three-layer membrande called the meninges that surrounds the brain and spinal cord acute bacterial meningitis
a lesion in the musocal lining of the stomach gastric ulcer
defects in visual acuity resulting from the inability of the eye to effectively focus light on the surface of the retina refractive errors
acute contagious disease characterized by fever and inflammation of the parotid salivary glands mumps
results from a loss of elaticity in the crystalline lens of the eye presbyopia
urticaria is what hives
an episodic inflammatory reaction of the capillaries beneath a localized area of the skin urticaria
accumlation of fluid within the structure of the middle ear otitis media
developmental defect of the collectine tubules in the cortex of the kidneys polycystic kidney disease
any disease of the retina of the eye retinopathy
infection of the boneforming tissue osteomyelitis
progressive, malignant diseases of the bloodforming organs and are marked by the unrestrained frowth of abnormal leukocytes and their precursors in the blood and bone marrow leukemias
a scratch on the transparent anterior cellular layer of the eye corneal abrasion
a visual screening usuing a standardezed chart with block letters arranged in rows of decreasing siza snellens chart
acute upper respiratory tract infection characterized by sore throat, fever, and swollen cervical lymph glands infectious mononucleosis
also called systemic sclerosis scleroderma
systemic inflammatory disease rheumatic fever
inflammation of the oral mucosa stomatitis
bilateral, symmetrical, nonprogressive paralysis resulting from developmental defects of the brain or trauma at birth cerebral palsy
inflammation of the cardiac muscle myocarditis
also known as infective or bacterial endocarditis endocarditis
inflammation of the pericardium, the saclike membrance that wurrounds and protects the heart muscle. pericarditis
undersecretion of hormomes by the thyroid gland hypothyroidism
metabolic bone diease affecting 5 to 10 million americans osteoporosis
an abnormal opening between the right and left atria atrial septal defect
chronic disease characterized by progressive muscle rigidity and involuntary tremors parkinsons diease
protrusion of some portion of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through the opening in the diaphrahm through whcih the esophagus passes hiatal hernia
a condition or a complex of signs and symptoms of the basement membrane of the glomerulus nephrotic syndrome
a chronic functional disease of the sebaceous glands marked by an incease in the amount and often alteration in the quality of the sebaceous secretion seborrheic dermatitis
measles is also known as what rubeola
german measles is another name for what rubella
narrowing of the pylorus pyloric stenosis
contagious superficial skin infrection marked by vesicles or bullae impetigo
whooping cough is also known as what pertussis
another name for tetanus is what lockjaw
what is the name for the treatment provided to relieve the symptoms of a disease rather than to effect a cure pallitive
lack of color pallor
small red spots with bluish which centers on the oral mucosa kopliks spots
a condition or situation that may make a person more suscptible to diease predisposing factors
a saclike mass of catilage intervertebral disk
occurs when the nucleus pulposus leaks through the wall of the disk and into the spinal canal herniated intervertebral disk
diagnosed as the failure to become pregnant after one year of regulat, unprotected intercouse infertility
highly infectious chronic, secually transmitted diease characterized by leasion that may involve any organ or tissue syphilis
the most common stomach ailment, consists of the inflammation and erosion of the gastric mucosa gastitis
the bone is partially bent and split, as a green stick or twig down when bent greenstick fracture
a break in the bone with no external wound to the skin closed fracture
a break in the bone in which there is an open wound leading down to the site of the fracture or in which a piece of broken bone protrudes through the skin open/compound fracture
Created by: Zimmerman0246