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Anatomy

Endocrine System

QuestionAnswer
estrogen help develop secondary characteristics in females
hemostasis the stopping of a flow of blood
ductless transport hormones in the blood
endocrine system collection of glands of an organism that secrete hormones directly into the circulatory system to be carried towards distant target organs
vas deferens carries semen
parathormone controls the metabolism of calcium
glucagon from Alpha cells increase blood sugar
LH a hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that in the female stimulates ovulation and the development of corpora lutea and in the male the development of interstitial tissue in the testis
adrenaline raises blood sugar level and increases heart beat and breathing rates
negative feedback when a high level of a particular hormone in the blood may inhibit further secretion of that hormone, or where the result of a certain action may inhibit further performance of that action
gigantism oversecreation of growth hormone, occurs during childhood
hypothalamus controls pituitary gland, receives info from nervous system
testosterone an androgen that affects the secondary characteristics in men
diabetes underseretion of insulin, high blood sugar
prolactin hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates milk production after childbirth
dwarfism under secretion of growth hormone
acromegaly occurs in adults, bones of hands, face and feet are enlarged, release of growth hormone
goiter not enough iodine in diet, causes swelling of thyroid gland
thymus helps develop the immune system
thyroxine hormone produced by the thyroid gland, acting to increase metabolic rate and so regulating growth and development
epididymis a highly convoluted duct behind the testis, along which sperm passes to the vas deferens
testes secrete male sex hormones called androgens
FSH hormone produced by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that stimulates the growth of the ovum-containing follicles in the ovary and activates sperm-forming cells
oxytocin hormone released by the pituitary gland that causes increased contraction of the uterus during labor and stimulates the ejection of milk into the ducts of the breasts
ovulation discharge ova or ovules from the ovary
pituitary gland serve to link the nervous system to other glands and metabolic functions
corpus luteum hormone-secreting structure that develops in an ovary after an ovum has been discharged but degenerates after a few days unless pregnancy has begun
cowpers two small glands lying on either side of the male urethra below the prostate gland and discharging a secretion into the semen
hypothalamus links nervous system to other glands and metabolic functions, contains pituitary glands
blood sugar the concentration of glucose in the blood
uterus the organ in the lower body of a woman or female mammal where offspring are conceived and in which they gestate before birth; the womb
hormones a regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood or sap to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action
cervix the narrow necklike passage forming the lower end of the uterus
neurotransmitter a chemical substance that is released at the end of a nerve fiber by the arrival of a nerve impulse and, by diffusing across the synapse or junction, causes the transfer of the impulse to another nerve fiber, a muscle fiber, or some other structure
fallopian tubes either of a pair of tubes along which eggs travel from the ovaries to the uterus
vagina the muscular tube leading from the external genitals to the cervix of the uterus in women and most female mammals
progesterone a steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy
Created by: jae.moore124