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infection control

reverse definitions - blue mod; infection control

A device using steam for sterilization Steam Autoclave
A pathogen or any other substance that induces an antibody response antigen
a protein specific to a certain antigen that weakens or destroys pathogens antibody
a hospital related infection; one that is not present or incubating when a patient is admitted to a hospital or a healthcare facility nosocomial infection
an infection that has spread to more that one region of the body systemic infection
any instrument with a sharp edge or point, such as a scalpel, scissors or a needle sharp
applied to the skin or affected area topical
bacteria that do not require oxygen to grow anaerobic bacteria
bacteria that require oxygen to grow aerobic bacteria
causing abnormalities in the fetus teratogenic
a cleansing agent applied to living tissue to destroy pathogens antiseptic
one in which the symptoms disappear and recur, while the disease-causing agent remains in the body latent infection
completely free of pathogens sterile
a substance that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in an inanimate environment sterilant
a chemical substance that destroys or eliminates specific species of infectious microorganisms. It is not usually effective against bacterial spores disinfectant
a disease process that results from the entry and spread of a microorganism infection
a disease that is spread from person to person contagious
an individual's ability to fight off disease immunity
an infection in which signs and symptoms are present active infection
infection of the middle ear otitis media
an infection that is time limited acute infection
isolating or separating a client, client-care unit or facility quarantine
killing microorganisms bactericidal
an infection that is confined to specific region of the body local infection
removal of gross contaminants and some microorganisms from instruments, skin, and so on; the lowest level of medical hygiene sanitization
methods to avoid contamination of sterile materials sterile technique
a microorganism that causes disease pathogen
a more thorough removal of contaminants than sanitization but less thorough than sterilization disinfection
not causing disease nonpathogenic
an infection that does not ordinarily cause disease but does so under certain circumstances, for example, in compromised immune systems; so called because it takes advantage of an "opportunity" opportunistic infection
an organism so small that it can only be seen under a microscope microorganism
a period in which a chronic infection shows no symptoms remission
a period in which a chronic infection shows symptoms exacerbation
one that is persistent over a long period of time, perhaps life chronic infection
a substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in an inanimate environment but does not destroy all bacteria or other microorganisms sanitizer
reducing or inhibiting the number of microorganisms bacteriostatic
the re-emergence of an initial infection after it appears to have subsided but has not been cured relapse
a distinct episode of an infection after recovery from the initial infection; may involve the same pathogens or different ones recurrent infection
a serum that contains antibodies that can help protect an exposed person from contraction the disease immunoglobulin
a state in which pathogens are absent or reduced. There are two principal types of asepsis: medical and surgical asepsis
the process of destroying all microorganisms, including bacterial endospores and viruses. This is the highest form of cleanliness sterilization
the power of a microbe to produce a disease in a particular host virulence
the presence of pathogens on an object contamination
treatment after exposure postexposure prophylaxis
without clinical signs or symptoms asymptomatic
Created by: TinaG



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