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Anatomical Terms and

Human A/P

PrefixMeaning and Example
a-, an- G. lacking, without ex: asexual = without sex
ab- L. away from ex: abduction = away from
ad- L. to, toward ex: adduction = lead towards
af- L. to, toward ex: afferent, bring towards
amphi- G. on both sides, double ex: amphiarthrosis = two joints
andro- G. a male ex: androgen = male producing
ante- L. forward, before ex: antebrachium = forearm
anti- G. against, reverse, opposed to ex: antihelix = reverse coil
apo- G. from ex: apocrine = secreting from
auto- G. autos, self ex: autonomic, self governing
basi- L. pertaining to the base ex: basiocciptal = occipital base
bi- L. twice, double ex: bicipital = two heads
brachy- G. short ex: brachycephaly = short head
cephalo- G. head ex: cephalometry = head measure
circum- L. around, about ex: circumduction = lead around
chondro- G. chondras, cartilage ex: chondrocyte = cartilage cell
co-, com-, con- L. together, with ex: constrictor = draw together
de- L. away from, down ex: deglutition = swallow down
di- G. double, twice ex: diaplegia = both sides
di-, dia- G. through, between ex: diaphragm, wall between
dis- L. apart, away disarticulate: joint apart
e-, ecto-, ex- G. on outer side ex: ectoderm = outer layer
extra- L. extra, outside extradural = outside the dura
em-, en- G. in, on ex: embolism = wedge inside
en-, endo- G. within ex: endocardium = within heart
epi- G. upon, over ex: epicardium = over heart
Created by: iv12036