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Infection control reverse defs

Active Infection An infection in which signs and symptoms are present.
Acute Infection An infection that is time limited
Aerobic Bacteria Bacteria that require oxygen to grow.
Anaerobic Bacteria Bacteria that do not require oxygen to grow
Antibody A protein specific to a certain antigen that weakens or destroys pathogens.
Antigen A pathogen or any other substance that induces an antibody response.
Antiseptic A cleansing agent that can be applied to living tissue to destroy pathogens.
Asepsis A state in which pathogens are absent or reduced. There are two principal types of asepsis; medical and surgical.
Asymptomatic Without clinical signs or symptoms.
Autoclave A device using steam for sterilization.
Bactericidal Killing microorganisms.
Bacteriostatic Reducing or inhibiting the number of microorganisms.
Chronic Infection One that is persistent over a long period, perhaps for life.
Contagious/Communicable Disease A disease that is spread from person to person.
Contamination The presence of pathogens on an object.
Disinfectant A chemical substance that destroys or eliminates specific species of infectious microorganisms. It is not usually effective against bacterial spores.
Disinfection A more thorough removal of contaminants than sanitization but less than sterilization.
Exacerbation A period in which a chronic infection shows symptoms.
Immunity An individual's ability to fight off disease.
Immunoglobulin A serum that contains antibodies that can help protect an exposed person from contracting the disease.
Infection A disease process that results from the entry and spread of a microorganism
Latent Infection One in which the symptoms disappear and recur, while the disease-causing agent remains in the body.
Local Infection An infection that is confined to a specific region of the body, i.e. your finger.
Microorganism An organism so small that is can only be seen under a microscope.
Nonpathogenic Not causing disease.
Nosocomial Infection A hospital related infection; one that is not present or incubating when a patient is admitted to a hospital or healthcare facility.
Opportunistic Infection An infection that does not ordinarily cause disease but does so under certain circumstances, for example, in compromised immune system; so called because it takes advantage of an opportunity.
Otitis Media Infection of the middle ear.
Pathogen A microorganism that causes disease.
Quality Assurance Any systematic process of checking to see whether a product or service is meeting specified requirements. In healthcare, it is a systematic assessment to assure that services are of the highest possible quality using existing resources.
Quarantine Isolating or separating a client, client care unit, or facility.
Recurrent Infection A distinct episode of an infection after recovery from the initial infection; may involve the same pathogens or different ones.
Relapse The re-emergence of an initial infection after it appears to have subsided but has not been cured.
Remission A period in which a chronic infection shows no symptoms.
Sanitization Removal of gross contaminants and some microorganisms from instruments, skin, and so on; the lowest level of medical hygiene.
Sanitizer A substance that significantly reduces the bacterial population in an inanimate environment but does not destroy all bacteria or other microorganisms.
Sharp Any instrument with a sharp edge or point, such as a scalpel, scissors, or a needle.
Sterilant A substance that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life in an inanimate environment
Sterile Technique Methods to avoid contamination and some microorganisms from instruments, skin, and so on; the lowest level of medical hygiene
Sterile Completely free of pathogens.
Sterilization The process of destroying all microorganisms, including bacterial endospores and viruses. This is the highest level of cleanliness.
Systemic Infection An infection that has spread to more than one region of the body.
Teratogenic Causing abnormalities in the fetus.
Topical Applied to the skin or affected area.
Virulence The power of a microbe to produce disease in a particular host.
Created by: LyndsayShowers
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