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What is a common cold? An acute infection causing inflammation of the upper respiratory tract
Influenza is also known as what? flu
what is the flu cause by? viruses
What are signs and symptoms of the flu? fever, chills, croup in children, malaise, muscular aching, headache, nasal congestion and cough
what is the progosis of the flu? good with proper care
CFS is known as what? Chronic Fatigue syndrome
what is the treatment for CFS? supportive
AIDS stands for what? Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
When were AIDS first diagnosed? in 1981
What is the treatment for AIDS? there is no effective treatment
Measles is known as what? Rubeola
Rubella is known as what? german measles
What is the etiology of rubella? it is caused by the rubella virus, the virus has an incubation period of 14 to 21 days
What are mumps. acute contagious disease characterized by fever and inflammation of parotid glands
how long does the course of chickenpox run. 2 to 3 weeks
What is a neoplasm? new formation or new growth that serves no useful purpose
What is a swelling or enlargement and may be used interchangeably with neoplasms? tumors
What type of tumor grows slowly and their cells resemble normal cells of tissue from which tumors originated? benign tumor
how many cases of cancer are diagnosed each year in the US? 1 million
What are the four most frequently diagnosed kinds of cancer? prostate, breast, lung and colorectal cancer
what is the most common type of cancer in males? prostate
what is the most common type of cancer in women? breast
what kind of cancer is cancer that the cells have no yet spread from site of original tumor? localized
what is the largest group of cancer? carcinomas
what are 3 preventive measures to not get cancer? don't smoke, limit alcoholic intakes, protect from sun exposure
what is known as a live tissue sample taken for microscopic examination? biopsy
define TMN T-size and extent of tumor, M- number if area lymph nodes involved, N- metatasis of tumor
what are 3 treatments of cancer? surgery, chemo, and radiation
what is the burning of cancer tissue with electric current? electrocautery
what is another name for immunotherapy? biotherapy
what are the most common side effects of chemotherapeutic drugs? nausea, vomiting,anorexia, leukopenia and loss of hair
what type of surgery removes all the cancerous tissue and hopefully cures the patient? specific surgery
what type of surgery is done to prevent the development of cancer? preventive surgery
what 3 categories are neoplasms divided into? carcinomas, sarcomas, and blood and lymph neoplasms
what is known as a loss of structural differentiations in malignant neoplasms? anaplasia
what is cerebral palsy? a bilateral, symmetrical nonprogressive paralysis
what is the treatment for cerebral palsy? no cure
what is the prognosis of cerebral palsy? varies
what is the etiology of pyloric stenosis? unknown but disease may be hereditary
what is hydrocephalus? a condition marked by too much cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles o the brain
what is the diagnosis of hydrocephalus? abnormally large head
what is talipes varus? inversion or inward bending of the foot
what is talipes valgus? eversion or outward bending of the foot
what is talipes equinus or plantar flextion? toes are lower than the heel
what is talipes calcaneus or dorsiflexion? toes are higher than the heel
what is the diagosis of club foot? obvious at birth
what are the 3 forms of hip dysplasia? unstable hip dysplasia, incomplete dislocation, and complete dislocation
what is a migraine headache? a recurrent, frequently incapacitating type of headache characterized by intense, throbbing pain often accompanied by nausea and vomiting
what is the prevention of a migraine headache? no specific prevention
what is a cerebral concussion? immediate loss of consciousness, lasting from a few seconds to a few minutes
what is the treatment of cerebral concussion? quiet bed rest
what is a cerebral contusion? a serious injury in which the tissue along or just beneath the surface of the brain is bruised
what is hemiplegia? loss of voluntary muscular control and sensation on one side of the body only
what is paraplegia? loss of voluntary motion or sensation of the trunk and lower extremities
what is quadriplegia? paralysis of all the four extremities and usually the trunk
what are the signs and symptoms of spinal cord injuries? loss of motor and sensory functions in the legs and trunk. bowel, bladder, and sexual function also may be lost
what is known as inflammation of the brain, especially of the cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, or brain stem? encephalitis
what is brain abscess? collection of pus, usually found in the cerebellum or the frontal lobes of the cerebrum
What is the prevention for brain abscess? prompt treatment of any infections
TIAs stands for what? Transient ischemic attacks
what is the treatment for TIAs? treatment depends on the location of the area and the underlying cause
what is the cause of epilepsy? idiopathic
what are the signs and symptoms of Parkinson's disease? onset is slow and insidious
what is the expulsion of seminal fluid prior to complete erection or immediately following the beginning of sexual intercourse? premature ejaculation
what is known as the occurrence of pain in women during sexual intercourse? dyspareunia
what is the prognosis for dyspareunia? good with adequate treatment, proper education, and sensitivity on the part of the woman's sexual partner.
what is gonorrhea? a contagious bacterial infection of the epithelial surfaces of the genitourinary tract
what is the cause of gonorrhea? the bacterium neisseria gonorrhoeae
what is known as a highly infectious, chronic sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that may involve any organ or tissue? syphilis
what is the cause of syphilis? the bacterium treponema pallidum
what is known as the protozoal infestation of the vagina, urethra, or prostate? trichomoniasis
what is epididymitis? inflammation of the epididymis due to infection
what is prostatic cancer? malignant neoplasm of the prostate tissue
what are the symptoms of orchitis? testicular swelling or tenderness with acute pain
what is the prognosis of prostatic cancer? the earlier the cancer is detected the better
PMS stands for what premenstrual syndrome
what is the etiology of PMS? not clearly understood
what are signs and symptoms of PMS? irritability, sleeplessness, fatigue, depression, headaches, and vertigo
what is known as pain associated with menstruation? dysmenorrhea
what is the prevention of dysmenorrhea? correction of any hormonal imbalance may be helpful
what is the prevention of pelvic inflammatory disease? no known prevention
what is menopause? the cessation of menses and ovarian function with a resultant decrease is estrogen levels
menopause occurs naturally in who? women between the ages of 40 and 50
what is the prevention of spontaneous abortion? it can not be prevented
what is premature rupture of membranes? early rupture of the amniotic sac
what is premature labor? early onset of rhythmic uterine contractions after fetal viability but before fetal maturity
what is the prevention or premature labor/ premature rupture of membranes? good prenatal care
what is the most common stomach ailment, consists of the inflammation and erosion of the gastric mucosa? gastritis
what is gastroenteritis? inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
what is the prevention of Crohn's disease? no known prevention of cure
what is the treatment of crohn's disease? symptomatic and supportive
what is known as inflammation of the para nasal sinus? sinusitis
what is the prevention of sinusitis? involves prompt treatment of any respiratory tract infection
what is pneumonia? acute inflammation of the respiratory bronchioles, alveolar ducts, alveolar sacs, and alveoli of the lung
what is the diagnosis of pneumonia? a chest x-ray is taken in most suspected cases
what is pleural effusion? excess of fluid between the parietal and visceral pleural membranes enveloping each lung
what is the prognosis for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? its guarded
what is asthma? respiratory condition marked by recurrent attacks of labored breathing accompanied by wheezing
what is the prognosis for asthma? good with proper attention
what is the prevention for asbestosis? involves avoidance of asbestos dust
what is known as the completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal and healthy infant usually 10 to 12 weeks old? sudden infant death syndrome
Created by: kaela320