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Endocrine System

Darnold review

TermDefinition
Nervous system The network of nerve cells and fibers that transmit nerve impulses between parts of the body.
Central nervous system The complex of nerve tissues that controls the activities of the body. In vertebrates it comprises the brain and spinal cord.
Peripheral nervous system Is part of the nervous system that consists of the nerve and ganglia on the outside of the brain.
Neuron The functional cell of the nervous system. It can send and refugee nerve impulses.
Glial cells Surround neurons and provide support for and insulation between them.
Neurotransmitter The brain chemicals that communicate information throughout our brain and the body,
Endocrine gland Glands that are located throughout various parts of the human body. These glands take on the critical task of releasing hormones, and as a whole, they are most commonly referred to as the endocrine system.
Microvilli Each of a large number of minute projections from the surface of some cells.
Carbohydrates The sugars, starches, and fibers found in fruits, vegetables, and milk products.
Proteins Large bio molecules, or macromolecules, consiting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Pineal, Melatonin, Circadian Rhythm Gland, Horomone, Action
Anterior Pituitary, growth Horomone, cell growth Gland, Horomone, Action
Posterior, antidiuretic, water balance Gland, Horomone, Action
Thyroid, T3/T4 (calcitonin) , lowers blood calcium Gland, Horomone, Action
Parathyroid, parathyroid hormone, raises blood calcium Gland, Horomone, Action
Pancreas, insulin (lowers blood sugar) Gland, Horomone, Action
Pancreas, glucagon, (raises blood sugars) Gland, Horomone, Action
Adrenal cortex, glucocorticoid, anti-inflammatory Gland, Horomone, Action
Adrenal medulla, epinephrine, fight or flight Gland, Horomone, Action
Ovary, estrogen, female characteristics Gland, Horomone, Action
Testes, testosterone, male sex characteristic Gland, Horomone, Action
Created by: Kface
 

 



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