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ALH Chapter 6

Digestive System

TermDefinition
bilirubin orange-yellow pigment formed during destruction of erythrocytes that is taken up by the liver cells to form it ________ and eventually excreted in the feces
bolus mass of masticated food ready to be swallowed
exocrine gland that secretes its products through excretory ducts to the surface of an organ or tissue or into a vessel
sphincter circular band of muscle fibers that constricts a passage or closes a natural opening of the body
triglycerides organic compound,a true fat, that is made of one glycerol and three fatty acids
bucca cheeks
dentin main structure of the tooth
pulp innermost part of tooth. Contains nerves and blood vessels
gingiva gums
deglutition swallowing
papillae rough projections on surface of the tongue. contain the taste buds
epiglottis covers the trachea during swallowing
first part of small intestine duodenum
second part of small intestine jejunum
third part of small intestine ileum
gloss tongue
linguo tongue
cheilo lip
labio lip
dento teeth
odonto teeth
gingivo gums
sial saliva
esophago esophagus
pharyngo pharynx
pylor pylorus
duodeno duodenum
jejun jejunum
ileo ileum
appendo appendix
appendic appendix
colo colon
colono colon
sigmoid sigmoid colon
rect rectum
procto anus
ano anus
pancreato pancreas
hepato liver
cholangio bile vessel
chole bile
cholecysto gallbladder
choledocho bile duct
emesis vomit
iasis abnormal condition
megaly enlargement
orexia appetite
pepsia digestion
phagia swallowing, eating
prandial meal
rrhea discharge
dia through, across
peri around
sub under, below
asymptomatic no symptoms
Ulcer circumscribed open sore on the skin or mucous membranes of the body
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon.
hernia protrusion of any organ, tissue or structure through the wall of the cavity in which it is naturally contained
inguinal hernia hernia in the groin
umbilical hernia protrusion of part of the intestine at the navel
hiatal hernia lower part of the esophagus and the top of the stomach slides through an opening in the diaphragm into the thorax
mechanical obstruction when intestinal contents are prevented from moving forward due to an obstacle or barrier that blocks the lumen
non-mechanical obstruction peristalsis is impaired and the intestinal contents cannot be propelled through the bowel.
volvolus intestinal twisting
hemorrhoids enlarged veins in the mucous membrane of the anal canal
hepatitis inflammatory condition of the liver
diverticulosis small, blisterlike pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestine and may balloon through the intestinal wall
anorexia lack or loss of appetite resulting in the inability to eat
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix usually due to obstruction or infection
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, most commonly as a result of chronic liver disease
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance and caused by passage of gas through the liquid contents of the intestine
cachexia physical wasting that includes loss of weight and muscle mass and is commonly associated with AIDS and cancer
cholelithiasis presence or formation of gallstones in the gallbladder or common bile duct
cirrhosis scarring and dysfunction of the liver caused by chronic liver disease
colic spasm in any hollow or tubular soft organ, especially in the colon accompanied by pain
Crohn disease form of inflammatory bowl disease usually of the ileum but possible affecting any portion of the intestinal tract
dysentery inflammation of the intestine that may be caused by ingesting water or food containing chemical irritants, bacteria, or parasites and results in bloody diarrhea
dysphagia inability or difficulty swallowing
eructation producing gas from the stomach, usually with the characteristic sound, burping
fecalith fecal concretion
flatus farting
gastroesophageal reflux disease acid reflux
halitosis foul-smelling breath
hematemesis vomiting blood
irritable bowel syndrome abdominal pain and altered bowel function with no cause
malabsorption syndrome impaired passage of nutrients, minerals or fluids through intestine
melena passage of dark colored stool due to the presence of blood
obstipation severe constipation which may be caused by intestinal obstruction
oral leukoplakia formation of white spots or patches on the mucous membrane of the tongue, lips or cheek caused by irritation
pyloric stenosis stricture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter at the outlet of the stomach causing an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine
regurgitation backward flowing from the stomach to the mouth
steatorrhea passage of fat in large amounts in the feces dues to failure to digest and absorb it
bariatric surgery to treat obesity
Created by: Gianna B