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AICP: People

Important People

PersonImportance
Ian McHarg Design by Nature; illustrated the concepts of layering thematic data with various attributes. His pioneering work led to the type of environmental planning work we can visualize in GIS today.
Jules Depuit Originated cost-benefit analysis in 1848
Charles Gantt developed the Gantt Chart in 1917. The chart focuses on the sequence of tasks necessary for project completion.
Rachel Carson Author of Silent Spring which examined dangers of chemical pesticides like DDT on plants animals and humans.
Bernie Jones author of a book titled Neighborhood Planning. Published in 1990
Thomas Adams Garden City movement planner -Developed garden cities in England
Charles Abrams The City is the Frontier" -Criticized US federal policies on Urban Renewal and Slum clearance; created NY Housing Authority
Frederick J. Adasm Wrote first planning textbook "Urban Planning Education"
Sherry Arnstein Wrote "Ladder of Participation"
Saul Alinsky "Reveille for Radicals" & "Rules for Radicals" 13 Rules for Community Organizing
Jacob Riis "How the Other Half Lives" & "Children of the Poor"; Books focusing attention on the problem of slums and poverty in the US
Ebenezer Howard "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform": Starts the Garden City Movement
Walter Moody "Wacker's Manual of the Plan of Chicago" 8th grade textbook about urban planning
Flavel Shurtleff "Carrying Out the City Plan" First major textbook on City Planning
Patrick Geddes "Cities in Evolution" This book centers on regional planning
Ladislas Segoe "Local Planning Administration":first in the Green Book Series produced by the International City/County Management Association.
F. Stuart Chapin "Urban Land Use Planning" This book became a common textbook on land use planning.
Kevin Lynch "Image of the City" defined elements of the city
Jane Jacobs "The Death and Life of Great American Cities" a critical look at planners and planning, with a special focus on the mistakes of urban renewal.
RIchard Florida "The Rise of the Creative Class";focuses on the importance of creative professionals in the overall economic growth and health of urban areas.
Alfred Reins "With Heritage so Rich" seminal book on historic preservation
William Whyte "The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces" promotes the use of environmental psychology and sociology in urban design
Robert Moses transformed New York City's public works from the 1930s through the 1950s. He expanded the state's park system and built numerous parkways. He also built parks, playgrounds, highways, bridges, tunnels, and public housing.
Rexford Tugwell -Head of re-settlement administation -greenbelt cities program -Arthurdale W Virginia
Catherine Bauer Wurster -American housing policy, housing reformer -Influential in passing of Housing Act of 1937
Sir Raymond Unwin -Designer of Letchworth in England (Garden City) -Architect
Nelson Lewis "Planning of the Modern City", (1916) Focused on the physical city, Lewis viewed the problems of city planning as engineering problems.
Frederick Law Olmstead, Sr. "the father of landscape architecture." He is responsible for many of the nation's most important parks including Central and Prospect Parks in New York City, Niagra Reservation, and university campus landscapes.
Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. American landscape architect who is best known for his wildlife conservation efforts. Helped define the purpose of the national parks. Also designed large projects like Boston's Park System
Edward M. Bassett "The Father of American Zoning"; wrote the first comprehensive zoning ordinance in the United States, adopted by New York City in 1916,
Paul Davidoff conceptualized "advocacy planning;he primary litigant in the Mount Laurel decision, which established a state-constitutional basis for inclusionary zoning in New Jersey, a doctrine which has been accepted in other United States jurisdictions.
Created by: Shellymayo81984
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