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ch 11 respiratory

respiratory system

oxygen inhaled into the lungs and carbon dioxide exhaled external respiration
inhaled oxygen circulates through the lungs and body internal respiration
hollow areas within the skull cavity that connect with the nose paranasal sinuses
airway that connects the mouth and nose with the larynx, also known as the throat pharynx
connects the pharynx with the trachea, also known as the voice box larynx
connects to the bronchi in the chest, also known as the windpipe trachea
two tubes that branch off the trachea to each lung bronchi
smallest branches of the bronchi bronchioles
air sacs at the end of bronchioles that allow for gas exchange aveoli
double lined membrane that lines the lungs pleura
space between the pleural membranes pleural cavity
small flap of cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing to prevent food from going into the trachea epiglottis
muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity; aids with respiration diaphragm
diaphragm contracts and chest cavity enlarges air is drawn into the lungs inspiration;inhalation
diaphragm relaxes and air if forced out of the lungs expiration;exhalation
process of listening to sounds within the body using a stethoscope auscultation
without breathing apnea
abnormally slow breathing bradypnea
blueish discoloration of the skin cyanosis
difficulty breathing dyspnea
nosebleed epistaxis
act of spitting out saliva or mucous expectoration
coughing up blood hemoptysis
insufficient oxygen in the blood hypoxemia
decreased oxygen hypoxia
patient breathes more comfortably while sitting or standing orthopnea
friction rub that is able to be heard due to inflammation of the pleural cavity pleural rub
watery discharge from the nose rhinorrhea
harsh high pitched sound usually heard with the croup stridor
rapid breathing tachypnea
viral childhood disease of the upper airway croup
inflammation of the larynx laryngitis
whooping cough pertussis
inflammation of the pharynx; sorethroat pharyngitis
inflammation of the sinus sinusitis
difficulty breathing caused by swelling of the bronchial tubes asthma
chronic pulmonary disease that results in damage to the alveoli resulting in decreased elasticity of the lungs emphysema
flu influenza
accumulation of fluid in the pleural space pleural effusion
inflammation of the visceral and parietal pleura pleurisy
inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria or virus pneumonia
collection of air in the pleural cavity resulting in a collapsed lung pneumothorax
abnormal collection of fluid in the lungs; most commonly caused by congestive heart failure pulmonary edema
obstruction of a pulmonary artery due to a thrombus pulmonary embolism
examination of the bronchi using a lighted scope bronchoscopy
test done to measure patients breathing capacity pulmonary function test
needle inserted into the pleural space to collect fluid for testing thoracentesis
surgical removal of the palatine tonsils tonsillectomy
disease characterized by chronic bronchitis and emphysema COPD; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
common cold coryza
deep gasping respirations that occurs during diabetic acidosis kussmaul respiration
inflammation of the membranes of the bronchial tubes bronchitis
pus in the pleural cavity empyema
unexpected, unexplained death of a normal healthy infant SIDS ( sudden infant death syndrome)
Created by: clarevoyant1019