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ch 10 cardiovascular

cardiovascular

QuestionAnswer
thin double walled sac that encloses the heart pericardium
the outer covering of the pericardium parietal pericardium
inner layer of the pericardium visceral pericardium; epicardium
the space between the parietal and visceral pericardium pericardial sac
the outer layer of the heart epicardium
middle muscular layer of the heart myocardium
the inner layer of the heart endocardium
heart is divided into how many chambers four
two upper chambers are known as right and left atria
two lower chambers are known as right and left ventricles
the wall between the right and left side of the heart septum
deoxygenated blood enters into the right atrium from the inferior and superior vena cava
from the right artrium bloods goes to the right ventricle
from the right ventricle blood goes to the lungs via the pulmonary arteries
blood returns from the lungs into the left atrium via the pulmonary veins
from the left atrium blood goes to the left ventricle
from the left ventricle bloods goes to the body via the aorta
the valve between the right atrium and ventricle tricuspid valve
valve between the left atrium and ventricle bicuspid valve; mitral
valve between the right ventricle and pulmonary artery pulmonary valve
valve between the left ventricle and aorta aortic valve
arteries that supply the heart muscle coronary arteries
the pacemaker of the heart is known as sinoatrial node
the node at the base of the atrium atrioventricular node
vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart arteries
vessels that carry deoxygenated blood towards the heart veins
between the blood and cells capillaries
heart contracts, exerting the greatest pressure on the walls of the arteries systole
heart relaxes, refilling before next contraction diastole
normal adult heart rate 60-100bpm
heart rate consistently below 60 bradycardia
heart rate consistently above 100 tachycardia
intermittent chest pain caused by insufficient blood supply to the heart angina pectoris
disease of the heart muscle cardiomyopathy
condition that is characterized by back up of fluid in the heart and lungs congestive heart failure
narrowing of the coronary arteries that prevent blood supply to the heart coronary artery disease
inflammation of the membrane lining of the heart chambers endocarditis
drooping of one or both cusps of the mitral valve mitral valve prolapse
heart attack myocardial infarction
inflammation of the myocardium caused by virus or bacteria myocarditis
inflammatory disease that may occur due to untreated strep infection rheumatic fever
hardening of the arteries arteriosclerosis
weakening in the wall of an arteries aneurysm
high blood pressure hypertension
inflammation of a vein associated with the formation of a thrombus thrombophlebitis
enlarged superficial veins that are twisted, dilated with incompetent valves varicose veins
abnormal opening between the pulmonary artery and aorta patent ductus arteriosus
congenital anomaly that consists of four defects tetralogy of fallot
this results in ineffective contractions of the ventricles resulting in a patient with no heart beat, no pulse, no circulation ventricular fibrillation
a diagnostic procedure in which a catheter is threaded through a major artery to observe the circulation of the heart cardiac catheterization
diagnostic procedure using ultrasound to evaluate the structure of the heart echocardiogram
a graph recording of the electrical action of the heart electrocardiogram; EKG
small portable monitoring device that records an EKG during normal daily activities holter monitor
blood tests that may indicate damage to the myocardium cardiac enzymes and troponin
localized or general condition of swelling due to excess tissue fluid edema
difficulty breathing dyspnea
condition of blueness of the skin cyanosis
enlarged heart megalocardia
inflammation of a vein phlebitis
pounding or racing of the heart palpitation
formation of a blood clot thrombosis
urination at night nocturia
decreased oxygen supply to body part or organ ischemia
enlargement of the liver hepatomegaly
one who specializes in the study of diseases and disorders of the heart cardiologist
cramplike pain in the calves due to poor circulation claudication
nonsurgical procedure in which a ballon is inserted into a blocked artery and is inflated to enlarge the opening coronary angioplasty
occluded coronary artery coronary bypass surgery
Created by: clarevoyant1019