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Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology terms and definitions

TermDefinition
Gastr- Stomach
Cardi- Heart
Megal- Enlarged
-Itis Inflammation
Dermat- Skin
Plast- Surgical Repair
Cerebr- Brain
Path- Disease
-Ectomy Surgical Removal of
Enter- Intestines
-Osis Any Condition
-Otomy Cut Into
Aden- Gland
Angi- Vessel
-Oma Tumor
Nephr- Kidney
Hepat- Liver
Arthr- Joint
Blephar- Eyelid
-Ologist One who specializes
Rhin- Nose
Gingiv- Gums
-Malacia Soft
-Ology Study of
Spasm Involuntary Contraction
-Algia Pain
Crani- Skull
End- Within, Inside
Hemi- Half
-Oid Like
Hyper- Above
Cyst- Sac of fluid
Chole- Bile
Hypo- Under
-Scop Observe
Hyster- Uterus
-Ostomy Creating an opening
Para- Beside, Beyond
-Lysis Loosening, Destruction
Cervic- Neck
Chondr- Cartilage
Cyan- Blue
Hem(at)- Blood
Ost- Bone
Psycho- Mind
Lip- Fat
My- Muscle
Lith- Stone
Ophthalm- Eye
Proct- Anus
Cost- Rib
-Gram Record
Acro- Extremities
Rhexis Burst
Carcin- Cancer
-Penia Decrease
Gen- Original, Production
Burso- Sac
Retr(o)- Backwards
Trip- Rub, Friction
Strept- Twisted
-Desis Binding
Mani- Madness
Glosso- Tongue
-Trophy Development
Supra- Above
-Ptosis Falling
-Dyn- Pain
-Rrhaphy Suture
Dent- Teeth
Cephal- Head
Auto- Self
Epi- Upon
Hydro- Water
Lobo- Section
-Emesis Vomiting
Contra- Against, Counter
-Iasis Condition, Formation of
Trans- Through, Across, Beyond
Brady- Slow
-Ectasis Expansion
Cyt- Cell
Odont- Tooth
Leuk- White
-Esthesia Sensation, Feeling
Cantho- Angle at end of eyelid
Steno- Narrow, Contracted
Cheil- Lip
-Cele Hernia
Benign Mild, Not Cancerous
Semen Seed
Celio- Abdomen
Erythro- Red
Vaso- Vessel
Melan- Black
Cauda- Tail
Lingua- Tongue
Myring- Eardrum
Spondyl- Spinal Column
Ovar- Egg
-Centesis Puncture
Oto- Ear
Bili- Bile
Squam- Scale
Mening- Membrane
Cec- Blind Passage
Macul- Spot
-Pexy Suspension
Onco- Tumor
Or- Mouth
Sub- Under
Spiro- Coil
Lacrim- Tear
Viscero- Organ
Lact- Milk
Onych- Screw, Claw
Thorac- Chest
Pyle- Gate
Vesic- Bladder
Sphenic- Wedge
Myel- Marrow, Spinal Cord
Anti- Against
Myco- Fungus
Hallux Great Toe
Physio- Nature
Bucc(o) Cheek
Palpebr- Eyelid
-Plasia Development
Rug- Wrinkle, Fold, Crease
Aur- Ear
Acoust(i)- Hearing
Colp(o)- Hollow, Vagina
Phon- Voice, Sound
Leio- Smooth
Cor Heart
Ren- Kidney
Orchi- Testis
Encephal- Brain
Thalam- Inner Chamber
Plexus- Braid
Cilia- Eyelash
Dendr- Tree, Branching
Phleb- Vein
Pilo- Hair
Histo- Tissue
Stoma- Mouth
Tympan- Eardrum
Umbilic- Navel
Salpingo- Tube
Helio- Sun
Astr- Star-Shaped
-Asthenia Weakness
Fascia Sheet, Band
Iso- Equal
Tarso- Ankle
-Tope Place
Pod- Foot
Malign- Bad
Adnexa Ties
Ocul- Eye
Lapar- Abdominal Wall
Dacry- Tear
Ment- Mind
Part- Labor, Bring Forth
Scler(a)- Hard
Somato- Body
Trachel- Neck
Sinus Hollow Space
Hypno- Sleep
Sept- Wall, Fence
Scirr(h)- Hard
Antr- Cavity
-Crine To Secrete
Dura Hard
Pneum- Lung
Phage- To Eat
Phren- Mind
Corne- Horny
Plak- Plate
Iris Rainbow
Kerat- Horny
Pulmon- Lung
Ptyal- Saliva
Alveol- Cavity
Oophor- Ovary
Oment- Covering
Sedat- Quiet, Calm
Furca- Fork-Shaped
Radic- Root
Radi- Ray
Fistul- Pipe
Edema Swelling
Dactyl- Finger, Toe
Metabol(e) Change
Pariet- Wall
Ependym- Wrapping
Gravid- Pregnant
Aer- Air
Glyco- Sweet
Tarso- Framework of the eyelid
Cheir-(Chir-) Hand
Calc- Heel, Stone
Cine- Move
Digit Finger, Toe
Dors- Back
Gangli- Swelling
Gemin- Twin
Grad- Walk, Take Steps
Gran- Grain, Particle
Labi- Lip
Micr- Small
Peps- Digest
Pleur- Pleura, Rib, Side
Mamm- Breast
Colla- Glue
Later- Side
Rachi- Spinal Column
Created by: Mbrooks2016
 

 



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