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ch 7 muscles and joi

QuestionAnswer
voluntary muscles that attach to the bones of the skeleton skeletal
involuntary muscle that lines hollow organs smooth;visceral
specialized muscle forming the walls of the heart cardiac
attaches muscles to bones tendons
sheets of fibrous connective tissue covering muscle fascia
muscle located in the fleshy part of the cheek buccinator
triangular shaped muscle extending across the back of the shoulder trapezius
muscle that extends from the sternum to the side of the neck sternomastoid
muscle that originates from the lower back and covers lower half of thoracic region latissimus dorsi
large muscle that crosses over the front of the chest pectoralis major
muscle that covers the shoulder joint deltoid
muscle of the upper arm that allows the arm to flex biceps brachii
muscle of the back of the upper arm that allows the arm to extend triceps brachii
forms most of the fleshy part of the buttocks gluteus maximus
located above the gluteus maximus gluteus medius
muscles of the anterior part of the thigh quadriceps femoris
muscles of the posterior of the thigh hamstrings
muscle of the calf gastronemius
muscle of the front of the lower leg tibialis anterior
disease characterized by progressive weakness and muscle degeneration muscular dystrophy
process of recording the strength of muscle contraction through electrical stimulation electromyography
type of joint that connects bones together and is immoveable fibrous; ie; skull
joint that connects bones together with cartilage cartilaginous; ie symphasis pubis
joint that is lined with a membrane and secretes a fluid synovial; ie; shoulder
joint that allows back and forth type movement hinge; ie; elbow
allows movement in many directions around a central point ball and socket; ie; hip
bending motion flexion
straightening motion extension
movement away from the midline of the body abduction
movement towards the midline of the body adduction
turning the palm up or forward supination
turning the palm down or backward pronation
bending the foot upward dorsiflexion
bending the foot downward, pointing the toes plantar flexion
turning of a bone on its own axis rotation
movement of an extremity in a circular motion circumduction
inflammation of the joints arthritis
arthritis that affects the spinal column ankylosing spondylitis
abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe bunion
displacement of a bone from its normal location within a joint dislocation
cystic tumor on a tendon ganglion
arthritis caused by excess uric acid gout
rupture of the central portion of the vertebral disc herniated disc
most common form of arthritis resulting from wear and tear on the joints osteoarthritis
type of chronic arthritis that results is deformity of the affected joints rheumatoid arthritis
surgical repair of a joint arthroplasty
visualization of a joint with the use of a scope arthroscopy
puncture of a joint with a needle to remove fluid arthrocentisis
wasting away of a muscle atrophy
abnormally slow movement bradykinesia
painful inflammation of the tissues surrounding the elbow epicondylitis
chronic condition causing widespread muscle pain fibromyalgia
paralysis on one half of the body hemipeligia
paralysis of the lower extremities paraplegia
paralysis of all four extremities quadraplegia
herniation of muscle through the fascia myocele
without muscular coordination ataxia
Created by: clarevoyant1019