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ch 6 skeletal system

QuestionAnswer
human skeleton consists of how many bones? 206
doctor who specializes is diseases and disorders of the bones and muscles orthopedist
main shaft like portion of the long bone diaphysis
located at the end of a long bone epiphysis
layer of cartilage that allows bone to grow length wise epiphyseal line
fibrous membrane that covers the long bone periosteum
covers joint surfaces articular cartilage
contain yellow marrow medullary cavity
also called cancellous bone spongy bone
site for blood cell production red bone marrow
stores fat yellow bone marrow
actively produce bone tissue osteoblasts
digest bone tissue to make them hollow osteoclasts
mature bone cells osteocytes
process of bone formation ossification
groove or depression in a bone sulcus; fissure
opening or hollow space in a bone sinus
hollow or shallow concave depression in a bone fossa
hole within a bone for blood vessels or nerves to pass through foramen
bony skull cranium
frontal bone that forms the forehead frontal bone
behind the frontal bone, 2 bones that form the top and upper sides of the cranium parietal bones
forms the back of the head and base of the skull occipital bone
two bones that form the lower sides and part of the base of the skull temporal bones
the space between the bones in an infants skull that is covered by a tough membrane fontanelle
lower jaw bone mandibular
upper jaw bone maxillary
cheek bones zygomatic
bones of the neck cervical vertebrae; C1-C7
back bones of the chest thoracic vertebrae; T1-T12
bones of the lower back lumbar vertebrae; L1-L5
fourth section of the vertebrae, composed of 5 fused bones sacrum
fifth segment of the vertebrae, composed of 4 fused bones coccyx; tailbone
also known as the breastbone sternum
collarbone clavicle
first seven ribs are known as true ribs
ribs 8-10 are known as false ribs
ribs 11 and 12 are known as floating ribs
shoulder blade scapula
bone of the upper arm humerous
lower arm bone that is located on the thumb side radius
lower arm bone that is located on the pinky side ulna
bones of the wrist carpals
bones of the hand metacarpals
bones of the fingers phalanges
largest of the hip bones ilium
upper curved edge of the ilium iliac crest
lowest part of the hip bones ischium
anterior part of the hip bones pubis
longest, heaviest and strongest bone in the body, thigh bone femur
knee cap patella
larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones; shin bone tibia
more slender of the lower leg bones fibula
bones of the ankle tarsals
bones of the foot metatarsals
bones of the toes phalanges
bones that are fragile due to loss of bone density osteoporosis
bacterial infection in the bone and bone marrow osteomylitis
narrowing of the vertebral canal resulting in pressure on nerve roots spinal stenosis
abnormal outward curvature of the upper spine kyphosis
abnormal inward curvature of the spine lordosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine scoliosis
break in the bone but no open wound in the skin closed or simple fracture
break in the bone with an open wound where the bone is protruding open or compound fracture
incomplete fracture greenstick fracture
bones surfaces that break due to being forced against each other compression fracture
minor fracture in the bone hairline or stress fracture
aligning the broken bone through manipulation without making an incision in the skin closed reduction
realigning broken bones during surgery, usually requiring pins, screws, or plates open reduction
injection of a radioisotope that is absorbed by bone tissue; used to diagnosis bone cancer bone scan
obtaining a sample of bone marrow to aid in the diagnosis of leukemia bone marrow aspiration
Created by: clarevoyant1019