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Chapter 12

Pathology – Respiratory System

Auscultation: Listening to sounds within the body.
Percussion: Tapping on the surface to determine the differences in the density of the underlying structure.
Pleural rub: Scratchy sound produced by pleural surfaces rubbing against each other. (also called a friction rub).
Rales (crackles). Fine crackling sounds heard on auscultation (during inhalation) when there is fluid in the alveoli.
Rhonchi (singular: rhonchus) loud rumbling sound heard on a auscultation of bronchi by sputum.
Sputum: Material expelled from the bronchi, lungs, or upper respiratory tract by spitting.
C & S Culture and sensitivity studies identify the sputum pathogenic and determine which antibiotic will be affected in destroying or reducing its growth.
Stridor: Strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration by obstruction in the pharynx or the larynx.
Wheezes: Continuous high cash whistling sound produced during breathing. (patients with asthma, commonly experience wheezing as bronchi narrow and tighten.
Croup: Acute viral infection of infants and children with obstruction of the larynx, a company by barking cough and stridor. the most common causative agents are influenza viruses or respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
Diphtheria: Acute infection of the throat and upper respiratory tract caused by diphtheria bacterium (Corynebacterium).
Epistaxis: Nosebleed
Pertussis: Whooping Cough; highly contagious bacterial in section of the pharynx.
Created by: Bowiegirl