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ch 4

whole body terminology

smallest and most numerous structural unit cells
study of cells cytology
surrounds and protects the cell cell membrane
control center of the cell nucleous
material outside the nucleous cytoplasm
prime source of energy for the cell mitochondria
groups of cells form tissues
groups of tissues form organs
groups of organs form systems
four types of tissue found in the body epithial;connective;muscle;nervous
study of tissues hystology
covers internal and external organs epithealial tissue ; intestines
supports and connects tissues, organs and other body parts connective tissue; cartilage
flex and contracts, includes smooth, skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue
relays information throughout the body nervous tissue
12 body systems muscular; endocrine; lymphatic; integumentary;nervous; skeletal; cardiac; reproductive; urinary; digestive; special senses
body erect, eyes forward and palms facing outward is referred to as anatomical position
vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions frontal/coronal plane
horizontal cross section dividing the body into superior and inferior portions transverse/horizontal plane
vertical pland that divides the body into left and right portions midsaggital plane
cavity that contains lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus and trachea thoracic cavity
cavity that contains liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, pancreas, intestines and kidneys abdominal cavity
cavity that contains the urinary bladder and reproductive organs pelvic cavity
cavity that contains the brain cranial cavity
cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord spinal cavity
the abdomen in divided into these RUQ;LUQ;RLQ;LLQ
vertebrae of the neck cervical; C1-C7
vertebrae of the chest thoracic; T1-T12
vertebrae of the lower back lumbar; L1-L5
five bones fused together, found after the lumbar region sacral
4 bones fused together, also known as the tailbone coccyx
toward the front of the body anterior
the back of the body posterior
towards the head superior/cranial
towards the feet inferior/caudal
midline of the body median
away from the midline of the body, on the side lateral
close to the origin of the body part or near the point of attachment proximal
farther from the origin of the body or away from the point of attachment distal
at the body surface superficial
pertaining to palm of the hand palmar
pertaining to the sole of the foot plantar
moving away from midline abduction
moving toward midline adduction
pertaining to the outer wall of the body parietal
pertaining to the internal organs or viscera visceral
turning a body part inward inversion
turning a body part outward eversion
lying flat on the back, legs straight, arms at side supine
lying face down on the abdomen, legs straight, arms at side prone
region of the abdomen located between the hypochondriac region in the upper section of the abdomen epigastric region
region of the abdomen located in the center between the lumbar regions umbilical region
region of the abdomen located in the lower portion of the abdomen between the inguinal regions hypogastric region
Created by: clarevoyant1019