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TDommel

YTI-Med Term - Bone diseases/abbreviations

QuestionAnswer
chondr/o cartilage
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
-malacia softening
supra- above, excessive, superior
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
-asthenia weakness, debility
-blast embryonic cell
-physis growth
sub- under, below
-porosis porous
scoli/o crooked, bent
-clast to break, surgical fracture
tend/o tendon
my/o muscle
spondyl/o vertebrae
lord/o curve, swayback
rhabd/o rod shaped
brachi/o arm
pub/o pelvis bone
cephal/o head
orth/o straight
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri
femor/o femur
leiomy/o smooth muscle
rhabdomy/o rod shaped muscle
calcane/o calcaneum
pod/o foot
acromi/o acromion
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
dactyl/o fingers and toes
cost/o ribs
ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
kyph/o hill, mountain
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius
syn- union, together, joined
lamin/o lamina
lumb/o loins, lower back
-scopy visual examination
thorac/o chest
fasci/o band, fascia
-desis binding, fixation
carp/o carpus
ped/i foot, child
an- without, not
clavicul/o clavicle
metacarp/o metacarpus
metatars/o metatarsus
chondr/o cartilage
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
-malacia softening
supra- above, excessive, superior
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
-asthenia weakness, debility
-blast embryonic cell
-physis growth
sub- under, below
-porosis porous
scoli/o crooked, bent
-clast to break, surgical fracture
tend/o tendon
my/o muscle
spondyl/o vertebrae
lord/o curve, swayback
rhabd/o rod shaped
brachi/o arm
pub/o pelvis bone
cephal/o head
orth/o straight
cervic/o neck, cervix uteri
femor/o femur
leiomy/o smooth muscle
rhabdomy/o rod shaped muscle
calcane/o calcaneum
pod/o foot
acromi/o acromion
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
dactyl/o fingers and toes
cost/o ribs
ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
kyph/o hill, mountain
radi/o radiation, x-ray, radius
syn- union, together, joined
lamin/o lamina
lumb/o loins, lower back
-scopy visual examination
thorac/o chest
fasci/o band, fascia
-desis binding, fixation
carp/o carpus
ped/i foot, child
an- without, not
clavicul/o clavicle
metacarp/o metacarpus
metatars/o metatarsus
What are skeletal muscles also called? voluntary or striated
What are smooth muscles also called? involuntary or visceral muscles
What do bones provide? framework, protection, storage, producing of blood cells.
What are the 4 types of bones? short, long, irregular, flat
What bone is needed for speaking and chewing? mandible
mastication chewing
How many bones in the vertbral column? 26
What is the point where bones meet to allow movement called? articulate
A broken bone is called? fracture
The disease where the bone density decreases? osteoporosis
What are the 3 types of spinal curvatures? scoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis
Inflammation of the joints is called? arthritis
What is a systemic disease that changes the joints? rheumatoid arthritis
Osteoarthritis is also called? degenerative joint disease
A genetic disease that characterized by gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue. muscular dystrophy
Stiffness and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery or abnormal bone fusion. ankylosis
claudication lameness, limping
exacerbation increase in severity of a disease or of any of its symptoms
Replacment part for a limb? prosthesis
Partial or incomplete dislocation is called? subluxation
Technique to measure bone density for detecting osteoporosis. DEXA dual energy x-ray absorptiometry
Visual examination of a joint is called? arthroscopy
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
C1, C2 and so on first cervical vertebra, second cervical vertebra, and so on
Ca calcium; cancer
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
DJD degenerative joint disease
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
HD hemodialysis; gip disarticulation; hearing distance
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
ROM range of motion
THA total hip arthroplasty
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
Created by: TDommel