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ALH Chapter 13

Male Reproductive System

TermDefinition
Libido psychological and physical drive for sexual activity
bulbourethral (Cowper) glands provides the alkaline substance necessary for sperm viability
balano glans penis
oligo scanty
orcho testis
perineo perineum
varico dilated veins
vesiculo seminal vesical
-spadias slit, fissure
Gonorrhea symptoms mucosal surface of genitourinary tract, rectum and pharynx. painful urination and white discharge. Arthritis and inflammation of bladder Can cause neonatal blindness
PID Pelvic inflammatory disease. Formation of scars that close reproductive tubes
Chlamydia silent disease.. Mucopurulent discharge, cervicitis, sterility, neonatal pneumonia.
Syphilis Multisystemic. 1st- primary sore 2nd- variety of symptoms. hard to diagnose 3rd- latent stage. dormant for years. Blindness, mental disorders, death
Genital herpes red, blisterlike, painful lesions. Type 2. Viral shedding. no cure
Viral shedding virus is present on the skin and can be transmitted to sexual partners even when no lesions are present.
Genital warts Caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). Increases risk of penile, vaginal, cervical and anal cancer. Greater incidence of miscarriages
Trichomoniasis men- irritation inside penis, mild discharge, or slight burning after urination/discharge women- vaginitis, urethritis, cystitis, frothy yellow-green vaginal discharge, lower abdominal pain, discomfort during sex and urination
Benign prostatic hyperplasia BPH. associated with aging. Prostate gland enlarges and complete voiding of urine becomes difficult. Urine left becomes breeding ground for bacteria
Cryptorchidism failure of testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to brith. Inguinal hernia
Prostate Cancer difficulty starting and stopping urination, dysuria, urinary frequency, hematuria.
Radical prostatectomy removal of entire prostate
brachytherapy radioactive seeds are placed directly in the malignant tissue
external beam radiation high energy x ray beams are generated by a machine and directed at the tumor from outside the body
cryosurgery application of extreme cold to remove prostate tissue
combined hormonal therapy depletes the body of testicular hormones
bilateral orchiectomy/ castration surgical removal of testes
Testicular cancer swelling, enlargement or lump in testes, testicular pain or discomfort, lower back/abdominal pain. Lungs, abdomen, brain
balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis, caused by bacteria, fungi or a virus
hypogonadism decrease or lack of hormones normally produced by gonads
hypospadias congenital abnormality where the opening of the male urethra is on the undersurface of the penis instead of at its tip
phimosis stenosis or narrowing of foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
priapism prolonged and often painful erection of the penis which occurs without sexual stimulation
anorchism absence of one or both testicles
hydrocele swelling of the sac around the testes
orchitis inflammation of testes
spermatocele abnormal, fluid-filled sac that develops in the epididymis and may or may not contain spem
testicular torison spontaneous twisting of a testicle within the scrotum leading to a decrease un blood flow to the affected testicle
variocele swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins of the legs
orchiopexy fixation of the testes in the scrotum
transurethral resection of prostate excision of the prostate gland by inserting a special endoscope through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland
urethroplasty reconstruction of the urethra to relive stricture or narrowing
Created by: Gianna B