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US/VA Unit 7 Vocab

World War II

TermDefinition
Baltic countries Countries of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania & Finland between 1920 and 1939
Lend-Lease Act This act gave the President the authority to sell or lend equipment to countries to defend themselves against the Axis Power
Adolf Hitler Fascist leader of Germany from January 1933 to April 1945
Pearl Harbor American naval base in Hawaii that was attached by the Japanese on December 7, 1941
island hopping Strategy for seizing islands closer and closer to Japan to set up bases for air attacks
El Alamein North Africa battle that was won by the British which prevented German forces from seizing Egypt and the Sues Canal
Stalingrad Hundreds of thousands of German soldiers were killed or captured during a months-long siege of this Russian city
D-Day Event that occurred on June 6, 1944 when American and Allied troops under Eisenhower landed on the Normandy beaches. It was a turning point of the war
Midway A major American victory where American naval forces defeated a much larger Japanese force a few months after Pearl Harbor
Iwo Jima & Okinawa Islands invaded by US forces that cost thousands of American lives and even more Japanese soldiers' deaths
atomic bomb Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Tuskegee Airmen All African-American unit of airmen who served in Europe with distinction
Nisei Regiment Regiments of Asian Americans who earned a high number of distinctions
Geneva Post-war convention that attempted to ensure the humane treatment of prisoners of war by establishing rules to be followed by all nations
Bataan Death March American POWs sufferred brutal treatment by the Japanese during this event after their surrender of the Philippines
genocide The systematic and purposeful destruction of a racial, religious or cultural group
Holocaust Twentieth century genocide in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945 which resulted in the death of over six million Jews and five million others
Final Solution Germany's decision to eliminate all Jews
Nuremberg Post-war trials which targeted Nazi leaders and others accused of war crimes
Rationing Restricting goods to civilian populations so that more was available for the war effort
Selective Service Also known as "the draft" - process of conscripting men into the armed forces
Internment camps Camps in the United States where Japanese Americans were forced to stay during WWII
ghettos Ethnic communities were inhabitants are forced to live due to economic or social circumstances
Death camps Camps whose primary purpose was to eliminate their inhabitants
Concentration camps Camps whose primary purpose was forced labor or restricting movement of its inhabitants
F.D.Roosevelt President of the United States for 4 terms until 1945
Joseph Stalin Leader of the Soviet Union during WWII
Harry Truman Vice President of the United States who became President upon FDR's death
Rosie the Riveter Symbol of American women in wartime work force
Auschwitz-Birkenau Largest concentration/death camp in Occupied Europe during WWII (located in present-day Poland)
Created by: moniker124