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Ch 13 Stack

Civil War, O'Dell, MTMS, Chapter 13

TermDefinition
blockade Union strategy to defeat the South
bounty bonus paid to people to encourage them to enlist in the army
Southern goal in the Civil War to become an independent nation
Yankee nickname for a Union soldier
Northern goal in the Civil War to preserve the Union as one country
draft mandatory military service, avoided by paying someone to take your place
Rebel nickname for a Confederate soldier
Copperheads Peace Democrats in the North
J.E.B. Stuart Confederate cavalry leader
David Farragut Union commander who captured New Orleans
Ulysses S. Grant Union commander that was victorious at Shiloh
“Stonewall” Jackson solid Confederate commander that supplied reinforcements at Bull Run
Robert E. Lee headed the Confederate army for most of the Civil War
William Tecumseh Sherman Union commander who predicted a long war, led the “March to the Sea.”
Jefferson Davis president of the Confederacy
Thirteenth Amendment officially abolished slavery
Emancipation Proclamation freed the slaves in the Confederacy
Clara Barton famous for working with wounded soldiers
Harriet Tubman supported using African Americans as soldiers
capitol of the Confederacy Richmond, Virginia
African-American volunteers served in separate Union regiments
border states Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware
“March to the Sea” destructive Union march from Atlanta, Georgia to Savannah, Georgia
Battle of Shiloh Tennessee battle with enormous casualties on both sides; won by the Union
Victory at Vicksburg helped split the Confederacy and helped give the Union control of the Mississippi River; won by the Union
First Battle of Bull Run first large land battle of the war; it was won by the Confederates
Battle of Gettysburg site of Pickett’s Charge and the last time the Army of Northern Virginia attacked the North; won by the Union
Battle of Antietam bloodiest single day of the Civil War for casualties; Union claimed victory when the Confederates withdrew
Appomattox Court House where Lee surrendered to Grant effectively ending the Civil War
Petersburg, Virginia important railroad center near Richmond, Virginia
Created by: Mr. O'Dell