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Chapter 11

Pathological Conditions/Diagnostic techniques, Treatments, Procedures

TermDefinition
Coryza Common Cold
Croup Childhood disease characterized by a barking cough, hoarseness, tachypnea, inspiratory stridor and laryngeal spasm
Diphtheria Serious infectious disease affecting the nose, pharynx, larynx.
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx, usually resulting in hoarseness, cough, and difficulty swallowing
Pertussis Whooping cough, can be prevented by DPT vaccination
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx, Strep throat
Rhinitis Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose
Sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus
Tonsillitis Inflammation of the palatine tonsils, tonsils disappear enlarged and red with yellowish exudate
Bronchitis Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi tubes
Asthma Paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing, cause by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane
Bronchiectasis Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi, with secondary infection that usually involves the lower portion of the lung
Acute Bronchitis Causes viral infection bacterial infection, and airborne irritants
Chronic Bronchitis Primarily associated with cigarette smoking or exposure to pollution
Bronchogenic Carcinoma Malignant lung tumor that originates in the bronchi, Lung cancer
Emphysema Chronic pulmonary disease characterized by increase beyond the normal in the size of air spaces distal to the terminal bronchiole, either from dilation of the alveoli of from destruction of their walls
Empyema Pus in a body cavity
Hyaline Membrane Disease Severe impairment of respiration in a premature newborn, Respiratory Disease Syndrome (RDS)
Influenza The flu
Lung Absess Localized collection of pus
Pleural Effusion Accumulation of fluid in the pleural space
Pleuritis Pleurisy Inflammation of both the visceral and parietal pleura
Pneumonia Inflammation of the lungs caused primarily by bacteria, viruses, and chemical irritants
Pneumothorax Collection of air or gas in the pleural cavity
Pulmonary Edema An abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs, either in the alveoli or in the interstitial spaces
Pulmonary Embolism Obstruction of one or more pulmonary arteries by thrombus dislodged from another location and carried through the venous system to the pulmonary vessels
Pulmonary Heart Disease Hypertrophy of the right ventricle of the heart
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS
Tuberculosis Infectious disease caused by the tubercle bacillus
Anthracosis Accumulation of carbon deposits in the lungs due to breathing smoke or coal dust, Black Lung Disease
Asbestosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of asbestos particles
Silicosis Lung disease resulting from inhalation of silica dust
Laryngoscopy Examination of interior of the larynx using a lighted flexible tube known as a laryngoscope or endoscope
Lung Scan Visual imaging of the distribution of ventilation of blood flow in the lungs by scanning the lungs after the patient has been injected with or has inhaled radioactive material
Pulmonary function tests Variety of tests performed to assess respiratory function
Sputum Specimen Specimen of material expectorated from the mouth after a deep cough
Thoracentesis Procedure that involves the use of a needle to collect pleural fluid for laboratory analysis
Tonsillectomy Surgical removal of the palatine tonsils
Tuberculin skin test (TST) Determines past or present tuberculosis infection present in the body
Created by: Evyloveslife