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ALH Chapter 12

Female Reproductive System

orifice mouth, entrance, or outlet of any anatomical structure
perineum area between the vaginal orifice and the anus
graafian follicles saclike structures that each contain an ovum. follicle
corpus luteum small yellow mass. transformed from an empty follicle after ovulation. degenerates after the non fertile cycle
fimbriae fingerlike projections that create wavelike currents in fluid surrounding the ovary to move the ovum into the uterine tube
fundus upper rounded part of the uterus
body central part of uterus
cervix neck of the uterus. opens into the vagina
Bartholin glands secrete lubrication into the orifice of the vagina during sexual excitement
clitoris composed of erectile tissue, similar in structure to the penis
adipose tissue enlarges the size of the breasts until they reach maturity
lactiferous duct drains the milk-producing glands
menarche initial menstrual period
parturition birth
first stage of dilation begins with uterine contractions and terminates when there is complete dilation of the cervix (10cm)
stage of expulsion time from complete cervical dilation to birth of the baby
placental stage afterbirth. shortly after childbirth when uterine contractions discharge the placenta from the uterus
cilmacteric the period in which symptoms of approaching menopause occur
amni amniotic sac
colpo vagina
galacto milk
metri uterus
masto breast
meno menstruation
metro uterus/womb
nato birth
oophoro ovary
perineo perineum
salpingo tube (fallopian)
-arche beginning
-cyesis pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
-para to bear
-salpinx tube (fallopian)
-tocia childbirth, labor
-version turning
ante before, in front of
puerperium period of adjustment after childbirth during which the reproductive organs of the mother return to their normal non-pregnant state
dysmenorrhea menstrual pain. treated with estrogen
metorrhagia irregular uterine bleeding between menstrual periods/ after menopause
endometriosis presence of functional endometrial tissue in areas outside the uterus
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) general term for inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and adjacent pelvic structures. Usually caused by bacterial infection
septicemia bacteria in the blood
Vaginitis localized infections and inflammation that occur from viruses, bacteria or yeast
candida albicans/moniliasis yeast infection
mycostatics antifungal agents
trichomoniasis most common cause of sexually transmitted lower genital tract infections
carcinoma of the breast breast cancer
nulliparous women who have never borne children
atresia congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening such as the vagina
choriocarcinoma malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy
dyspareunia occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
endocervicitis occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
retroversion turning of an organ
uterine fibroids benign tumors composed of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labor
breech presentation common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head
eclampsia most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy
placenta previa obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labor when the cervix dilates
cerclage suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion
colpoclesis surgical closure of the vaginal canal
conization excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination
cordiocentesis sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance
cryosurgery process of freezing tissue to destroy cells
dilation + curettage (D&C) widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping the uterine endometrium with a currette
subtotal hysterectomy cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
total hysterectomy cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain
total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy total hysterectomy including removal of uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries
lumpectomy excision of a small primary breast tumor and some of the normal tissue that surround it
augmentation boob job
total mastectomy excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola, and the involved overlying skin
modified radical mastectomy excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in the underarm. most common
radical mastectomy excision of the entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast
transverse rectus abdominal muscle (TRAM) flap surgical creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen, which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping the abdominal tissue into a natural looking breast and suturing it into place
insufflation delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber, or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction or apply medication
tubal test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with CO2
pelvimetry measurement of pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be abl to pass through the bony pelvis to allow delivery
chorionic villus sampling (CVS) sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
endometrial biopsy removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
Papanicolaou (Pap) test cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination
hysterosalpingography (HSG) radiography and usually fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium
transvaginal ultrasound (US) of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis
Created by: Gianna B
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