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Module 1

Clinical 1 -- Dosage Calcutations and Conversions (review)

King Henry's Daughter Usually Drinks Chocolate Milk in the Morning kilo hector deka unit deci centi milli ph ph micro [ph is just place holder]
Most common units we use in dosage calculations kilo; unit (gram; liter; meter); milli; micro
PH on metric conversion stands for Place holder (no value)
Used for length meter
Used for mass/weight gram
Used for volume/liquids liter
When weighing a child use kilograms
1 kilogram (kg) is equivalent to 2.2 lbs (pounds)
2 tablespoons (tbsp) is equivalent to 1 ounce (oz)
1 teaspoon (tsp) is equivalent to 5mL or 5cc (mL and cc -- same)
1 tablespoon (tbsp) is equivalent to 15mL or 15cc (mL and cc -- same)
1 ounce (oz) is equivalent to 30mL or 30cc (mL and cc -- same)
In pediatric dosages -- body surface area (BSA) is the most accurate method of calculating drug dosages for infants/children up to 12yrs of age.
In pediatric dosages -- mg/kg is the most COMMON method of calculating drug dosages for infants/children up to 12yrs of age. (must convert pounds to kilograms)
U100 means there are 100 units in 1mL of medication
ac before meals
pc after meals
bid twice daily
cap capsule
tab or T tablet
pil pill
d day (24 hours)
Elixir liquid or syrup
g gram
mL milliliter
mg milligram
gt drop
h hour
hs hour of sleep/bedtime
IM intramuscular
po by mouth
prn as needed
q every
q2h every two hours
qd every day
qh every hour
Sig patient instructions
qid 4 times a day
Supp. medication inserted rectally (suppository)
tid three times a day
U unit
Insulin is measured in Units
Dosage formula: Want/Have x Amount = One Dose
Created by: monkmaroni