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Chapter 8

Female Reproductive System

ovaries pair of almond-shaped organs located in the pelvic cavity
ovum female egg cell
uterine, fallopian tubes pair of tubes attached to the uterus that provides a passageway for the ovum to move from the ovary to the uterus
fimbria finger-like projection at the free end of the uterine tube
uterus pear-sized and pear-shaped muscular organ that lies in the pelvic cavity
endometrium inner lining of the uterus
myometrium muscular middle layer of the uterus
perimetrium outer thin layer that covers the surface of the uterus
corpus, or body large central portion of the uterus
fundus rounded upper portion of the uterus
cervix (Cx) narrow lower portion of the uterus
vagina a 3-inch tube that connects the uterus to the outside of the body
hymen fold of membrane found near the opening of the vagina
Bartholin glands pair of mucus-producing glands located on each side of the vagina and just above the vaginal opening
mammary glands, breasts pair of milk-producing glands of the female each breath consists of 15 to 20 divisions, or lobules
mammary papilla breast nipple
areola pigmented area around the breast nipple
vulva, external genitalia two pairs of lips that surround the vagina
clitoris highly erogenous erectile body located anterior to the urethra
perineum pelvic floor in both the male and female, the area between the vaginal opening and the anus
arche/o first, beginning
cervic/o cervix
colp/o, vagin/o vagina
culd/o cul-de-sac
episi/o, vulv/o vulva
gynec/o, gyn/o woman
hymen/o hymen
hyster/o, metr/o, metr/i uterus
mamm/o, mast/o breast
men/o menstruation
oophor/o ovary
perine/o perineum
salping/o uterine tube (fallopian tube)
peri- surrounding (outer)
-atresia absence of a normal body opening; occlusion; closure
-salpinx uterine tube
colpitis, vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
hematosalpinx blood in the uterine tube
myometritis inflammation of the uterine muscle
oophoritis inflammation of the ovary
endometriosis abnormal condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus in various areas in the pelvic cavity
fibroid tumor benign tumor of the uterine muscle, myoma of the uterus or leiomyoma
ovarian cancer malignant tumor of the ovary
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) inflammation of some or all of the female pelvic organs
prolapsed uterus downward displacement of the uterus into the vagina
toxic shock syndrome (TSS) affects woman using tampons, severe illness
vesicovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the bladder and the vagina
salpingo-oophorectomy excision of a uterine tube and ovary
salpingostomy creation of an artificial opening in a uterine tube
anterior and posterior colporrhaphy (A&P repair) surgical repair of a weakened vaginal wall to correct a cystocele and a rectocele
dilation and curettage (D&C) surgical procedure to widen the cervix and scrape the endometrium with an instrument called a curette
stereotactic breast biopsy technique that combines mammography and computer-assisted biopsy to obtain tissue from a breast lesion
tubal ligation closure of the uterine tubes for sterilization by tying
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina
hysteroscopy visual examination of the uterus
mastalgia pain in the breast
dyspareunia difficult of painful intercourse
menopause cessation of menstruation, usually around ages 48-53
speculum instrument for opening a body cavity to allow visual inspection
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
TSS toxic shock syndrome
fibroid tumor benign tumor of the uterine muscle
Created by: 1369322229760607