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Chapter 7(JOINTS)

Pathological Conditions/Diagnostic techniques, Treatments, Procedures

QuestionAnswer
Adhesive Capsulitis Shoulder condition characterized by a stiffness of the shoulder, limited shoulder movement, and pain
Arthritis Inflammation of the joints
Ankylosing Spondylitis Type of arthritis that affects the vertebral column
Bunion Abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
Ganglion Cystic tumor developing on a tendon
Dislocation Displacement of a bone from its normal location within a joint
Gout Acute arthritis noted when the body does not properly metabolize uric acid, Hereditary, Most often affects great toe
Herniated Disc Rupture of the central portion of the vertebral disk through the disk wall and into the spinal cavity. "Slipped Disk"
Lyme Disease Inflammatory infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick
Osteoarthritis Most common form of arthritis, results from wear and tear on the joints especially weight bearing joints such as hips and knees
Rheumatoid Arthritis Chronic systemic inflammatory disease that affects multiple joints of the body. mainly the small peripheral joints
Sprain Injury involving ligaments that surround and support a joint, caused by wrenching or twisting motion
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Chronic inflammatory connective tissue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs, and other organs Butterfly rash
Arthroplasty Surgical repair of a joint
Arthroscopy Visualization of the interior of a joint using an endoscope
Arthrocentesis Surgical puncture of a joint with a needle for the purpose of withdrawing fluid for analysis
Arthrography Process of X-Raying the inside of a joint, after injecting the joint with a contrast medium
Erythrocyte Sedimentation (sed) rate (ESR) Blood test that measures the rate at which erythrocytes settle to the bottom of the test tube filled with unclotted blood
Rheumatoid Factor Blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a number of connective tissue diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis
Created by: Evyloveslife