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medical term c16

Haney Medterm c16-25

QuestionAnswer
A deadly Virus that destroys the body's immune system by invading the helper T lymphocytes is what? Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
How is HIV transmitted? Sexual contact, sharing HIV contaminated needles and syringes, and transfusion of infected blood or its components.
1 to 2 weeks after the exposure to HIV what symptoms that you can get? sore throat, fever, body aches
What is the range of time from HIV infection to a diagnosis of AIDS? 1 to 10 years or longer
What happens in later stages of AIDS? eventually die as a result of the repeated bouts of opportunistic infections and or cancer
What is the only sure way to avoid HIV? To abstain form sexual intercourse or to engage in mutually monogamous sexual intercourse with someone known to be uninfected.
What precautions should health care workers know about HIV? wearing latex gloves, eye protection and other personal protective equipment to avoid contact with blood and other fluids that are visibly bloody and taking particular care in handling, using and disposing of needles
What is the sexually transmitted bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the cervix in women and inflammation of the urethra and the epididymis in men? chlamydia
What are the symptoms of chlamydia in men that appear 1 to 3 weeks after exposure? Discharge from the penis with burning and itching along with a burning sensation.
What are the early symptoms of chlamydia in women? Thick vaginal discharge consisting of a combination of mucus and pus, accompanied by burning and itching.
What happens if chlamydia is left untreated? A chlamydial infection can result in pelvic inflammatory disease which can lead to sterility in the female.
What is an preventative measure against the spread of chlamydial infections? Latex condoms during sexual intercourse.
How is chlamydial infections treated? antibiotic therapy
What is a highly contagious viral infection of the make an female genitalia? Genital herpes
What is genital herpes also known as? venereal herpes
How is genital herpes transmitted? Direct contact with infected body secretions.
Why is genital herpes different from other sexually transmitted diseases? It can recur spontaneously once the virus has been acquired.
What are small cauliflower- like, fleshy growths usually seen along the penis in the male and in or near the vagina in a women? genital warts
a sexually transmitted bacterial infection of the mucous membrane of the genital tract in men and women? gonorrhea
a sexually transmitted disease characterized by lesions that may involve any organ or tissue? syphilis
Sexually transmitted protozoal infection of the vagina, urethra, or prostate? trichomoniasis
Surgical removal of the testicles in the male (or the ovaries in the female) castration
What is the process of visualizing the urinary tract through a cystoscope that has been inserted in the urethra? cystoscopy
What is the surgical procedure in which the foreskin of the penis is removed? circumcision
What is the serological test for syphilis (performed on blood serum)? FTA- ABS
Also known as intravenous pyelography or excretory urogram intravenous pyelogram
Surgical removal of a testicle? orchidectomy
Surgical fixation of testicle? orchidopexy
what is an assessment of a sample of semen for volume, viscosity, sperm count, sperm motility and percentage of any abnormal sperm? semen analysis
what is the surgical removal of the prostate gland by making an incision into the abdominal wall, just above the pubis? suprapubic prostatectomy
what is the surgical removal of the prostate gland by inserting a resectoscope through the urethra and into the bladder to remove small pieces of tissue from the prostate gland? Transurethral resection of the prostate (TUR or TURP)
A surgical cutting and tying of the vas deferens to prevent the passage of sperm? vasectomy
A serological test for syphilis? VDRL test
What is the microscopic examination of fresh vaginal or male urethral secretions to test for the presence of living organisms? wet mount; wet prep
Created by: sderifaj