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Lesson 2 Cardio

Chapter 7 Cardiology / Cardiovascular System

angi/o vessel
athero/o fatty substance, plaque
cardi/o heart
coron/o heart
embol/o plug
isch/o to keep back
phleb/o vein
steth/o chest
thromb/o clot
sphygm/o pulse
son/o sound
pulmon/o lung
esophag/o esophagus
aneurysm localized widening of artery due to weakness in arterial wall
angina pectoris severe chest pain caused by myocardial ischemia
arrhythmia irregular heart beat
ascultation listening to sounds within body, such as heart or lungs, by using stethoscope
bacterial endocarditis inflammation of inner lining of heart caused by bacteria
blood pressure measurement of pressure exerted by blood against walls of blood vessel
bradycardia slow heart rate
cardiac arrest complete stoppage of all heart activity
cardiac catheterization passage of thin tube through veins or arteries used to detect heart abnormalities
cardiac enzymes complex proteins released by heart muscle when it is damaged
cardiopulmonary resuscitation applying external compressions to rib cage in order to maintain blood flow and air movement in and out of lungs
congenital septal defect birth defect in wall separating two chambers of heart
congestive heart failure heart muscle is not able to pump blood forcefully enough
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) open heart surgery to reroute blood around occluded coronary artery
coronary artery disease (CAD) chronic heart disease caused by arteriosclerosis or atherosclerosis of coronary arteries
deep vein thrombosis (DVT) formation of blood clots in deep veins
defibrillation electrical shock to heart to convert arrhythmia back to normal
Doppler ultrasonography ultrasound to create moving image to evaluate blood flow
electrocardiography records electrical activity of the heart
endarterectomy surgical removal of inner lining of artery in order to remove plaques
fibrillation abnormal quivering or contractions of heart fibers
heart murmur abnormal heart sound
heart transplantation replacement of heart with donor
heart valve prolapse flaps of heart valve fail to shut tightly, allows blood to flow backward (regurgitation)
stenosis narrowing
holter monitor portable monitor to record heart and pulse activity
hypertension (htn) high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
implantable cardioverter defibrillator Electrical device implanted in chest to shock heart if it goes into arrhythmia
infarct area of tissue necrosis that develops from ischemia
intravascular thrombolytic therapy treatment for clots occluding blood vessel
myocardial infarction (MI) infarct of heart muscle - heart attack
myocardial ischemia loss of blood supply to heart muscle tissue
occlusion blockage
pacemaker electrical device to stimulate contraction of heart muscle, treats bradycardia
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty balloon catheter inserted into coronary artery and inflated to dilate narrow blood vessel
peripheral vascular disease (PVD) disease of blood vessel away from central region of body, typically legs
sphygmomanometer blood pressure cuff
stent tube placed within blood vessel to widen
stress test method for evaluating cardiovascular fitness
tachycardia fast heart rate
transesophageal echocardiography patient swallows ultrasound head to visualize internal cardiac structures
varicose veins swollen and distended veins, most commonly in legs
venipuncture puncture to vein to withdraw blood or inject medication or fluid
Created by: kducey