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Lesson 2 Derm

Chapter 5 Dermatology / Integumentary System

integument skin
adeno gland
adip/o fat
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
kerat/o keratin, hard, hornlike
lip/o fat
melan/o melanin, black
onych/o nail
py/o pus
seb/o sebum, oil
trich/o hair
ungu/o nail
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer
chem/o chemical
cry/o cold
erythr/o red
ichthy/o scaly
leuk/o white
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
scler/o hard
vesic/o bladder, sac
xanth/o yellow
xer/o dry
abrasion skin injury that scrapes away the surface of the skin
abscess infection resulting in localized collection of pus
alopecia baldness
basal cell carcinoma skin cancer in basal cell layer
biopsy surgical procedure to remove piece of tissue
boil bacterial infection of hair follicle
burn, first degree mild burn damaging epidermis only
burn, second degree burn damage extends into dermis, blisters
burn, third degree burn damage to full thickness of skin and underlying tissues
cauterization destruction by chemical, electric, laser, or freezing
cellulitis inflammation of connective tissue cells of skin
chemabrasion removal of superficial skin layers using chemicals
contusion blunt trauma to skin resulting in bruising
cryosurgery extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue
culture and sensitivity lab test to identify bacteria and determine what antibiotic to use
cyst fluid filled sac under skin
debridement removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from wound
decubitus ulcer open sore caused by pressure (bedsore, pressure sore)
dermabrasion scraping skin used to remove acne scars
dermatome instrument that cuts out small section of skin
ecchymosis black and blue skin bruise caused by blood collecting under skin and trauma
erythema redness of skin
fissure cracklike break in skin
gangrene tissue necrosis caused by loss of blood supply
herpes simplex infection by herpes simplex virus causing painful blisters around lips and nose
herpes zoster viral infection of nerve root - shingles
impetigo inflammatory skin disease with pustules that rupture and become crusted
laceration jagged edged skin wound caused by tearing of the skin
laser surgery removal of skin lesions using laser beam
lesion general term that indicates tissue abnormality
macule flat discolored spot on the skin surface, freckle or birthmark
malignant melanoma aggressive form of skin cancer
necrosis area of tissue death
nevus pigmented skin blemish, birthmark, or mole
nodule solid, raised clump of skin cells
onychia inflamed nail bed
papule small, solid, raised lesion
petechiae flat, pinpoint, purplish spots from bleeding under skin
pruritus severe itching
psoriasis chronic inflammatory condition - crusty clusters of papules
purpura purplish red bruises
pustule raised spot on skin containing pus
skin graft transfer of skin from normal area to cover another site
squamous cell carcinoma skin cancer
tinea fungal skin disease
ulcer open sore or lesion in the skin or mucous membrane
urticaria skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching
varicella viral infection with skin rash, chickenpox
vesicle small, fluid filled raised spot on skin
wheal small, round, raised area on skin - usually with allergic reactions
Created by: kducey