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Medical Terminaology

Medical Terminology Case Studies

Polydipsia Excessive Thirst
Polyuria Excessive Urination
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus Lack of insulin, and patient need injections of insulin
Insulin Pump Portable battery powered device that delivers insulin through the abdominal wall in measured amounts
Callus Bony deposit formed between and around the broken ends of a fractured bone. Also, a painless thickening of skin cells in areas of external pressure or friction.
Pelvis Lower part of the trunk of the body including the hip bone, tailbone, and sacrum (lower backbones)
Intra-Abdominal pertaining to within the abdomen
Fractures Breaking of bone
Fixation Act of holding, sewing, or fastening a part in a fixed position
Fibula Smaller leg bone
Femur Thigh Bone
Antihypertensive Drug that reduces high blood pressure
Arteriovenous Fistula An abdominal communication between an artery and a vein. It can also be created surgically to provide access for hemodialysis
Hemodialysis Use of a kidney machine to filter blood to remove waste materials such as urea. Blood leaves the body, enters the machine, and is carried back to the body through a catheter (tube)
Hypotensive Pertaining to low blood pressure or to a person with abnormally low blood pressure.
Chronic Renal Failure Long time of kidneys not functioning
Acute Sharp, sudden and intense for a short period of time
Aura A strange sensation coming before more definite symptoms of illness. An aura often precedes a migraine headache or an epileptic seizure, warning the patient that an attack is beginning.
Cephalgia Headache
Dialation Widening, dialation
Frontal Pertaining to the front; anterior
Migraine Attack of headache, usually on one side of the head, caused by changes in blood vessel size and accompanied by nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light.
Nausea Unpleasant sensation in the upper abdomen, often leading to vomiting.
Scotoma Defect in vision in a defined area (blind spot)
Unilateral Pertaining to one side
Vasonconstrictor Drug that narrows the blood vessel, especially small arteries
Spasm Involuntary, sudden muscle contraction
Ventricular Arrythmias Abnormal heart rhythm originating in the lower chambers of the heart.
Myocardial Infarction Death of tissue in the heart muscle also known as a heart attack
Nitroglycerin Drug that relaxes muscle and opens blood vessels
Coronary Angiogram X-Ray record of blood vessels surrounding the heart.
Acute Myocardial Ischemia Sudden decrease in blood flow to heart muscle
Antiarrhythmic Pertaining to a drug that works against or prevents abnormal heartbeats (arrhythmia's)
Diuretic Drug that causes kidney's to allow more fluid (as urine) to leave the body
Anticoagulant Drug that prevents clotting
Hypertension High blood pressure
Angina Sharp pain in the chest resulting from a decrease in blood supply to the heart muscle. Also called Angina Pectoris ( PECT/O- chest
Created by: carlalowe