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Haney Medterm c13-3

QuestionAnswer
A chronic metabolic condition characterized by the gradual, noticeable enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities, due to hypersecretion of the human growth hormone after puberty. acromegaly
A condition caused by a deficiency in the secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) by the posterior pituitary gland, characterized by large amounts of urine and sodium bring excreted from the body. diabetes insipidus
Generalized growth retardation of the body due to the deficiency of the human growth hormone; also known as congenital hypopituitarism. dwarfism
A proportional overgrowth of the body's tissue due to the hypersecretion of the human growth hormone before puberty. gigantism
A complex syndrome resulting from the absence or deficiency of the pituitary hormone(s). hypopituitarism
Tests that measure the blood levels of the hormones T3, T4, and TSH. thyroid function tests
Englargement of the thyroid gland due to excessive growth (hyperplasia). goiter
A term used to refer to the female sex glands, or ovaries, and the male sex glands, or testes. gonads
A condition in which there is excessive body hair in a male distribution pattern. hirsutism
Elevated blood calcium level. hypercalcemia
Excessive activity of the ovaries or testes. hypergonadism
An excessive amount of insulin in the body. hyperinsulinism
Elevated blood sugar level. hyperglycemia
An elevated blood potassium level. hyperkalemia
An elevated blood sodium level. hypernatremia
Hyperactivity of the four parathyroid glands resulting in an oversecretion of parathyroid hormone. hyperparathyroidism
Overactivity of the thyroid gland; also called Graves' disease. hyperthyroidism
Less than normal blood calcium level. hypocalcemia
Less than normal blood sugar level. hypoglycemia
Less than normal blood potassium level. hypokalemia
Less than normal blood sodium level. hyponatremia
Surgical removal of the pituitary gland. hypophysectomy
Less than normal activity of the thyroid gland. hypothyroidism
A state of shock due to extremely low blood sugar level caused by an overdose of insulin, a decreased intake of food, or excessive exercise by a diabetic patient who is insulin-dependent. insulin shock
Acidosis (increase in the acidity of the blood) due to an accumulation of ketones in the body, resulting from faulty carbohydrate metabolism; this is primarily a complication of diabetes mellitus. ketoacidosis
Created by: hmace3