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Digestive Anatomy

Digestive Anatomy and Accessory Organs

QuestionAnswer
Definition of Digestion Changing food into usable substances
Definition of absorption Transferring nutrients into the blood stream
Define Ingestion Taking food into digestive tract
Propulsion happens in the digestive system by these 2 ways Swallowing and peristalsis
Mixing food with saliva is called Mastication
Catabolic process in which large food items are broken down is called Chemical Digestion
Most digestion occurs in what part of the digestive system Small intestines
This piece of anatomy closes off nasal passage during swallowing soft palate
This piece of anatomy contains our taste buds tongue
This gland is located on the face parotid gland
This gland is located under the tongue sublingual
This is the passageway for digestion and respiration pharynx
Peristalsis begins here esophagus
This sphincter muscle is located between esophagus and stomach Lower Esophageal Sphincter
Gastric acid is produced by this gastric structure rugae
This is a narrow passage connecting stomach to small intestines pylorus
This sphincter controls flow from stomach to duodenum Pyloric Sphincter
This is the middle and longest portion of small intestines jejunum
This structures primary function is to control fluid balance colon
This organ secretes bile and forms antibodies liver
This organ stores bile gallbladder
Gallbladder ejects bile into which organ small intestines - specifically duodenum
This manufacture insulin pancreas
Pepsin breaks down what type of nutrient protein
lipase breaks down what type of nutrient fat
List 2 of the 3 pancreatic juices Amylopsin, Trypsin, Lipase
Amylopsin acts on? starches
Trypsin acts on Proteins
Lipase acts on? Fat
List 2 of the 3 Intestinal juices Lactase, Maltase, Sucrase
Created by: hicksp