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A&P 2 quiz 2

QuestionAnswer
What are the principal organs of the respiratory system? nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Where does air flow along a dead end pathway? lungs
What is the dead end pathway that the air flows along in the lungs? bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli
What are the passages in the respiratory system that serve only for air flow called? conducting division
What is the purpose of the passage from the nostrils through the major bronchioles? air flow
What consists of alveoli and and other gas exchange regions of the distal airway? respiratory division
What part of the conducting division not lined with ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium? oropharynx, laryngopharynx, bronchioles
What is the respiratory division (alveoli) lined with? simple squamous epihtelium
Which organ is the respiratory system is made up of nine cartilages? larynx
Which is the largest cartilage of the larynx? thyroid
What is the anterior peak of the thyroid cartilage called? laryngeal prominence
Which respiratory system organ has a wall with two folds on each side? larynx
What is the name for the false vocal cords? superior vestibular folds
Which part of the larynx plays no role in speech? superior vestibular folds
What produces sound in the larynx when air passes through them? inferior vocal cords
What is the amount of air inhaled and exhaled in one cycle of quiet breathing, normally 500mL? tidal volume
Beyond the amount normally inhaled, it is typically possible to inhale another 3,000 mL with maximum effort. What is this called? inspiratory reserve volume
With maximum effort, one can normally exhale another 1,200 mL beyond the normal amount. What is the called? expiratory reserve volume
What is TV+IRV+ERV? vital capacity
What is vital capacity? the maximum ability to ventilate the lungs in one breath
What supplies one functional unit of the kidney called a nephron? afferent arterioles
What is one functional unit of the kidney called? nephron
What leads to a ball of capillaries called a glomerulus? afferent arterioles
What is a ball of capillaries called? glomerulus
What is enclosed in a sphere called the glomerular capsule? glomerulus
What is the outer parietal layer of the glomerular capsule called? simple squamous epithelium
What is the inner visceral layer of the glomerular capsule called? podocytes
What is between the parietal and visceral layers of the glomerular capsule? filtrate-collecting capsular space
Where does the efferent arteriole leave before giving rise to the peritubular capillaries? glomerular capsule
What do the efferent arterioles give rise to besides the peritubular capillaries? vasa recta
The renal corpusle and renal tubule are two principal parts of what? nephron
What does the renal corpusle consist of? glomerulus, glomerular capsule
What does the renal tubule consist of? proximal convoluted tubule, nephron loop, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number one? nose
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number two? pharynx
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number three? larynx
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number four? trachea
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number five? bronchi
For the order of the principal organs of the respiratory system, what is number six? lungs
What is the longest and most coiled part of the nephron? proximal convoluted tubule
What kind of epithelium does the proximal convoluted tubule have? simple cuboidal
What is prominent in the proximal convoluted tubule? microvilli
What is responsible for the great deal of absorption that occurs in the proximal convoluted tubule? prominent microvilli
What does the collecting duct recieve fluid from as it passes back into the medulla? distal convoluted tubules of several nephrons
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; FIRST is? glomerular capsule
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; SECOND is? proximal convoluted tubule
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; THIRD is? nephron loop
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; FOURTH is? distal convoluted tubule
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; FIFTH is? collecting duct
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; SIXTH is? papillary duct
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; SEVENTH is? minor calyx
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; EIGTH is? major calyx
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; NINTH is? renal pelvis
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; TENTH is? ureter
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; ELEVENTH is? urinary bladder
The flow of fluid from the point where the glomerular filtrate is formed to the point where urine leaves the body; TWELFTH is? urethra
Each kidney is protected by three layers of what? connective tissue
What is the most superficial layer of the connective tissue in the kidneys? renal fascia
What is the middle layer of the connective tissue in the kidneys? perirenal fat capsule
What is the deepest layer of the connective tissue in the kidneys? fibrous renal capsule
What is the glandular tissue that forms the urine and appears C-shaped in frontal section? renal parenchyma
What zones is the parenchyma divided into? renal cortex, inner renal medulla
What are extensions of the renal cortex that project towards the sinus called? renal columns
Renal columns divide the medulla into 6-10 what? renal pyramids
What shape is each renal pyramid with a broad face facing the cortex? conical
What is the blunt point of every renal pyramid called? renal papilla
What constitues one lobe of the kidney? One pyramid and? overlying cortex
What does the presence of glucose, free hemoglobin, albumin, ketones, bile pigments, erythrocytes, and leukocytes in the urine indicate? abnormalities
A positive bilirubin Labstix would most likely indicate damage to what organ? liver
Since ketones are acids, their presence will what to the pH of the urine? lower
What does the lower the PH of the urine make it more? acidic
The presence of glucose in the urine is called? glycosuria
The presence of blood in the urine is called? hematuria
The presence of protein in the urine is called? proteinuria
Created by: Hallierob1012