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Medical Terminology

Ch. 15 - Special senses/ Terms

TermDefinition
errors of refraction condition in which the image is not focused on the retina w/ 4 conditions: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, presbyopia, and emmatropia.
myopia nearsightedness (focused in front of retina)
hyperopia farsightedness (focused behind the retina)
astigmatism blurred vision (due to irregular cornea curvature)
presbyopia old age/ farsightedness (treated w/ reading glasses)
emmatropia normal vision (focused on retina)
otorhinolaryngology the study of ear, nose and throat
otorhinolaryngologist a physician specialized treating diseases of ear, nose & throat
ophthalmology the study of eye's disease
ophthalmologist a physician specialized in eye's disease
optometry the study of eye's measurement
optometrist specialist prescribed glasses and contact lenses
strabismus misalignment of the eyes include 2 types: estropia and exotropia
estropia inward deviation
exotropia outward deviation
amblyopia lazy eye syndrome
cataract cloudy lens, opacities in the eye lens
glaucoma increased intraocular pressure due to excessive secretion of the Aqueous Humor
conjunctivitis aka pink eye, inflammation of conjunctiva
blepharitis inflammation of the eyelids
macular degeneration degeneration of the macula that might lead to loss of vision
retinopathy any disease that affects the retina or retinal blood vessels
exophthalmos protrusion/ bulging of the eyeballs
nystagmus involuntary movement of eyeballs
papilldema edema or swelling in the optic disc due to increase intracranial pressure (ICP)
blepharoptosis falling/ drooping of the eyelids
photophobia excessive sensitivity to light
trachoma chronic contagious conjunctivitis that might lead to blindness if not treated
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear
otitis externa inflammation of the external/ outer ear
labyrinthitis inflammation of the inner ear
tinnituss ringing or hissing sound in the ear
osteosclerosis abnormal hardening of the small bones of the middle ear
vertigo feeling of spinning or dizziness
presbycusis decreased sense of hearing as result of old age ( treating w/ hearing aid devices)
anacusis deafness or loss of hearing
audiometry measuring the hearing acuity
tonometry measuring the intraocular pressure
opthalmoscopy visual examination of the inside of the eye
retinoscopy visual examination of the angle of the anterior chamber of the eye
gonioscopy examination of the anle of the anterior chamber of the eye
otoscopy visual examination of the outer ear & the typmpanic membrane
blepharectomy surgical removal of the eyelid
blephroplasty surgical repair of the eyelid
keratotomy making incision in the cornea, treatment for the nearsightedness
sclerostomy making an opening in the sclera
otoplasty surgical repair of the ear
cochlear implant a device inserted inside the ear to treat deafness (bionic ear)
myringotomy/ tympanotomy making an incision in the eardrum (tympanic onmembrane)
enucleation surgical removal of the eyeball completely
evisceration removal of the content of the eye and leaving the sclera
Created by: Hip