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Digestive

QuestionAnswer
This best describes the major duodenal papilla the opening of the hepatopancreatic ampulla in the duodenum
These bands of longitudinal smooth muscle run the length of the colon Teniae coli
This is the largest pair of salivary glands, which produce mostly watery saliva: Parotid gland
the arrangement that lists the structures in the order that food encounters them as it passes between the small intestine and the rectum. ascending colon transverse colon descending colon sigmoid colon
This best describes the major duodenal papilla the opening of the hepatopancreatic ampulla in the duodenum
This layer of the digestive tract is in direct contact with the food that is consumed mucosa
This thick connective tissue layer of the digestive tract contains blood vessels, small glands, and a nerve plexus: submucosa layer
This kind of epithelium lines the mouth, oropharynx, esophagus and anal canal: stratified squamous
These lymphatic capillaries are found in the villi of the small intestine: lacteals
This region of the large intestine has simple columnar epithelium in its tunica mucosa, smooth muscle in its tunica muscularis, and epiploic appendages attached to its outer surface: colon
These muscular contractions move material through the digestive tract: peristalsis
These muscles are all involved in mastication except orbicularis oris
This best describes the function of bile contains breakdown products from hemoglobin emulsifies fats
Four statements that best describes defecation 1. can be initiated by stretch of the rectum 2. can occur as a result of mass movements 3. involves local reflexes 4. involves parasympathetic reflexes mediated by the spinal cord
This part of the brain is activated during deglutition (swallowing) the swallowing center in the medulla oblongata is activated
This secretion lubricates the food so it moves easily through the digestive tract and also protects the epithelium: mucus
Saliva contains the digestive enzyme ________________, which breaks down starch into ________________. amylase, maltose
These cells in the gastric glands produce pepsinogen: chief or zymogenic cells
This is one of the major functions of bile salts: emulsify fat to fatty droplets
This is the major part of the aqueous component of pancreatic juice: bicarbonate ions
This major transport lipoprotein is composed of 92% lipid and 8% protein: VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein)
Once chylomicrons leave the simple columnar epithelium of the small intestine, they diffuse into this lacteals
enzymes that digest protein carboxypeptidase chymotrypsin pepsin trypsin
enzyme that does not digest protein lipase
This best describes micelles lipids surrounded by bile salts
After eating or drinking dairy products like cheese and milk, you have intestinal cramps, bloating and diarrhea. You most likely have this: lactose intolerance
These symptoms would appear in a person with a blocked common bile duct: jaundice clay colored stools abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting lack of normal clotting function
Created by: kcopeland10