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Chp 14 Med Terms

Gastrointestinal System Q and A

Burning pain in the esophagus cause by backflow of contents of the stomach into the esophagus due to abnormal function of the lower esophageal sphincter is called gastroesophageal reflux disease
PUD is an abbreaviation for peptic ulcer disease
The combining form meaning eat or swallow phago
An incision in the abdomen is termed laparoscopy
Bx is an abbreviation for biopsy
The ileum is the ________ portion of the ________. third/small intestine
pylorus means gatekeeper
Which of the following stores bile gallbladder
Capsule endoscopy is performed to examine the small intestine
The ________ regions of the abdomen are the middle lateral portions. lumbar
The combining form meaning stone is lith/o
Enlargement of the liver is called hepatomegaly
Enterocele is a protrustion or hernia of which structure? small intestine
Diverticulosis is described as abnormal side pockets in the gastrointestinal tract
An accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity describes ascites
A laparoscope is an instrument used to examine the abdomen
Dark, tarry stool is called melena
The opening of the stomach into the duodenum is the pyloric sphincter
The term for difficulty swallowing is dysphagia
Cheilitis is inflammation of the lip
Gloss/o means tongue
The combining form in celiac means abdomen
A cathartic drug is also called a laxative
Incision of the common bile duct for extraction of gallstones is called choledocholithotomy
Hepat/o is a combining form meaning liver
C & S is an abbreviation for culture and sensitivity
Emesis means vomiting
Which region of the abdomen is below the navel hypogastric
Opening the colon to create an abdominal anus is called colostomy
Suture of the tongue is called glossorrhaphy
The term that describes a diminished appetite is anorexia
Red blood in the stool is called hematochezia
Steatolysis describes the breakdown of fat
A cholecystogram is radiography of the gallbladder
The presence of stones in the gallbladder is cholelithiasis
The ______________ is a muscular tube that moves food. esophagus
Inflammation of the appendix is called appendicitis
Another term for jaundice is icterus
What combining form means stomach gastr/o
A drug that prevents or stops vomiting is called antiemetic
The _____________ is the first portion of the small intestine duodenum
What test is used to detect melena? stool cooult blood study
Bariatric surgery is done to treat obesity
Dental pertains to tooth
Inflammation of the lower portion of the small intestine is called ileitis
The combining form meaning duct is doch/o
The evacuation of feces from the rectum is called defecation
An abnormal tubelike passageway from the anus that may connect with the rectum is called anal fistula
The ____________ is in the upper right quadrant. liver
What forms the roof of the mouth the palate
Cyst/o is a combining form meaning sac
Gastric resection describes partial removal and repair of the stomach
Procto/o refers to the anus and the rectum
The presence of bile stones is called cholelithiasis
Inflammation of the gallbladder is called cholecystitis
The medical term for belch is eructation
Endoscopic inspection of the anus and rectum is termed proctoscopy
A lower gastrointestional series is also called barium enema
Insertion of a tube through the nose into the stomach is nasogastric _____________. intubation
Which of the following resembles an "s" sigmoid colon
An inflammation of the lip is termed cheilitis
Created by: mh