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Medical Terminology

Ch. 12 - The Female Reproductive System/ Terms (final)

gynecology the study of diseases of the female reproductive system
gynecologist physician who specialized in disease of the female reproductive system
obstetrics the study of conditions related to pregnancy
obstetrician physician who takes care of woman before, during & immediately after pregnancy
neonate (new born) a baby during the first 4 weeks of life
neonatology physician who specialized in the disease of the neonate
endometriosis presence of endometrial tissue in areas outside the uterus
fibroids benign tumors in the uterus formed of muscle and fibrous tissures
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina
endocervicitis inflammation of the lining of the cervix
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) inflammation of the uterus, tubes, ovaries and other pelvic organs, usually caused by untreated STD.
dyspareuria pain during sexual intercourse
vaginismus painful spasm of the vagina and surrounding muscles
infertility inability to produce offspring (babies)
pyosalpinx accumulation of pus in the fallopian tube
mernarche 1st menstrual period; the beginning of menstrual function
menopause permanent stopping of menstruation; the end of menstrual function
amenorrhea absence of menstruation (missed period)
dysmenorrhea painful menstruation (cramping)
oligomenorrhea scanty/ few menstrual flow (light period)
menorrhagia excessive menstrual bleeding (heavy period)
metrorrhagia uterine bleeding (not related to period)
menometrorrhagia irregular and excessive bleeding during and between menstrual period
gonorrhea caused by bacteria; characterized by a greenish yellow discharge
chlamydia caused by bacteria; if not treated, it spreads to pelvic organs and becomes PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
syphilis chronic disease caused by bacteria; if not treated it spreads to other organs and can be fatal.
trichomoniasis caused by a protozoan that leads to frothy discharge w/ a bad odor
genital herpes caused by Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 that appear as blisters on the genital organs
genital warts caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) that increase risk of cancer
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
gravida pregnant woman
para woman who gave birth to at least one live baby
primigravida woman pregnant for the first time
multigravida woman pregnant more than once
multipara woman gave birth to many babies
dystocia difficult labor
parturition process of giving birth
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy outside the uterus
eclampsia toxemia (toxic in blood) during pregnancy
placenta previa an abnormal position of the placenta where it is attached near the cervix
pelvimetry measurement of the pelvic dimensions to determine the posisibility fo vaginal delivery
puerperium period of 42 days after giving birth
amniocentesis puncture of the amniotic sac to obtain a sample of the amniotic fluid to test for genetic diseases
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix using a colposcope
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity using laparscope
endometrial biopsy tissue sample from endometrium
Papanicolaou Smear (Pap smear) taking a sample of celss from the cervix for cytological study; used for early diagnosis of cervix cancer
mammography x ray of the breast
hysterosalpingography (HSG) x ray of the uterus and uterine (fallopian) tubes
ultrasonography imaging using high frequency sound
hysterectomy surgical removal of the uterus
salpingo-oophorectomy surgical removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary
Total Hysterectomy w/ bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy removal of the uterus, tubes and ovaries
myomectomy surgical removal of fibroid tumor from the uterus
Ceasrean Section (C - Section) a surgical procedure to deliver babies through an abdominal incision
episiotomy making an incision in the vulva and perineum during childbirth to enlarge the vaginal opening
episiorrhaphy surgical suture of the vulva and perineum
dilation & curettage (D & C) widening of the cervical canal and scraping the endometrium w/ a curette
mastectomy surgical removal of the whole breast
lumpectomy surgical removal of a tumor from the breast
mammoplasty, mastoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breast
tubal ligation procedure to ligate (tie) the uterine tube as a method of contraception
Intra Uterine Device (IUD) a device inserted inside the uterus to prevent implantation (contraception)
Artificial Insemination (AI) injecting sperm into the vagina or uterus
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) fertilization outside the female body then the fertilized egg is planted into the uterus
Created by: Hip
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